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Ramirez effective in filling in for Brantley's offense

Spark plug has outperformed Brantley's full-season WAR projection
August 24, 2016

Everyone expected the Indians to pitch well this year, but it was fair to worry if they'd have the offense to back it up. This was a unit that was below average by Weighted Runs Created Plus in 2015, then added to its lineup only Rajai Davis, Mike Napoli, and

Everyone expected the Indians to pitch well this year, but it was fair to worry if they'd have the offense to back it up. This was a unit that was below average by Weighted Runs Created Plus in 2015, then added to its lineup only Rajai Davis, Mike Napoli, and Juan Uribe -- a trio of 34- to 36-year-olds who were coming off just average offensive seasons themselves -- in what was then seen as an underwhelming offseason.
And then it got worse: Michael Brantley's shoulder issues wound up being more serious than expected, and Cleveland's best hitter over the previous two seasons managed just 43 plate appearances before succumbing to another shoulder surgery that ended his season once and for all. Without Brantley, could an outfield of Davis, Abraham Almonte and Lonnie Chisenhall lead a playoff team?
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Well, no, but they haven't had to. That same outfield unit currently ranks third in Wins Above Replacement and sixth in wRC+. A lot of that has to do with Tyler Naquintapping into unforeseen power and hitting likeAnthony Rizzo, but even more important to the Indians' success this season has been the fact that despite Brantley's lost year, they haven't actually been without him at all. Turns out the key to not missing your All-Star left fielder is to simply clone him using a 5-foot-9 utility infielder -- Jose Ramirez .
Ramirez has provided the Indians with a near-exact replica of Brantley's 2016 preseason projected numbers, and due to Ramirez's superior baserunning and defensive abilities, he's already outperformed Brantley's full-season WAR projection in just 466 plate appearances. Ramirez even took the impersonation a step further by filling in as the team's primary left fielder for much of the season -- despite having played just 14 Major League innings in the outfield prior to this year -- before returning to a more familiar post at third base upon Uribe's dismissal from the team.

Brantley never struck out; Ramirez has never struck out. Brantley ran a league-best 92 percent contact rate; Ramirez this year is 11th, at 88 percent. Brantley walked enough to turn his elite batting average into an elite on-base percentage; Ramirez has done the same. Brantley suddenly began hitting for more power than folks had expected; Ramirez has 10 dingers.
And then there's the matter of timing, which is perhaps the most important part of understanding the Ramirez story in 2016. Throughout his entire career, Brantley hit considerably better with men on base or in scoring position than with the bases empty, and for that, he earned a reputation in Cleveland as being a clutch hitter. It's 2016; I probably don't need to link to any number of the studies that have been done showing clutch not to be a repeatable skill. Almost always, an outlier clutch season is a fluke. Maybe Brantley is an exception to the rule. I don't know. What I do know is, regardless of what it means moving forward, Ramirez has had undeniably excellent timing for the Indians this year, adding immense value to the team and making the Brantley connection even stronger.
Gif: Jose Ramirez clapping
Ramirez's numbers with men on base and in scoring position, relative to with the bases empty, mirror Brantley's. In high-leverage situations, Ramirez has a 169 wRC+ -- in other words, he's hit like David Ortiz in key spots. Ramirez, for the entirety of the year, has been a good hitter. In his most important plate appearances, he's been a great hitter. The combination of those two facts is how you can sort an American League Win Probability Addedleaderboard and wind up with the following top five:
1. Mike Trout, +5.03 WPA

  1. Josh Donaldson, +4.16
  2. Ortiz, +3.57
  3. Ramirez, +3.02
  4. José Altuve, +2.91
    WPA measures only what happened inside the batter's box -- so Ramirez is receiving no credit for his league-leading baserunning value or his defensive contributions -- and with context included, Ramirez grades out right in between baseball's two best hitters this season. If you'd like to give Ramirez full credit for the timing of his hits, there's a case to be made he's the team MVP.
    Of course, by now we know better than to give hitters full credit for the timing of their hits. Ramirez has been fortunate to simply come to the plate in as many big spots as he has, and even then, he's been somewhat fortunate for the hits that have fallen in: his Batting Average on Balls in Play with men on base is .389, compared to a more typical .286 mark with the bases empty. The clutch performance isn't likely to repeat itself. The thing in which the Indians are more interested is whether the rest of it can repeat.
    The projections currently see Ramirez as a roughly league-average hitter, which, paired with elite baserunning value and the ability to play at least adequately almost anywhere on the field, has real value. The question is whether we can safely take the over on the projection. Ramirez's improved numbers at the plate this season come mostly from what appears to be improved quality of contact: the soft-hit rate is down, the BABIP and slugging on contact are up, the exit velocity is up. He's boosted his rate of balls hit in the air by eight percentage points -- the sixth-largest increase of any hitter with at least 300 plate appearances in each of the past two seasons.
    Watch a swing from this year compared to last year, and you see a more exaggerated leg kick that makes for a more athletic and in-sync swing. Last year, the front foot too often got down before the hands came through the zone, killing the momentum in his swing. This year, the front foot's more frequently in sync with the rest of the body, helping generate more authority.
    That said, even the improved exit velocity ranks in the bottom-third of qualified hitters. Ramirez still isn't a slugger, he's just a better hitter than he was before. The Ramirez story is likely more about what's already happened than what ought to happen in the future, but the nice thing about what's already happened is there's no erasing it. All the clutch hits have happened, and they've been monumental for a first-place club now being given a 94 percent chance to win their division despite the season-long absence of their best hitter. No taking that away. Even if the Indians shouldn't expect Ramirez to continue impersonating Brantley moving forward, they're sure glad that he's done it so far.
    A version of this article first appeared at This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.