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This Date in History presented by Barbasol

Tom Seaver's top 10 moments

NEW YORK -- For a decade in a Mets uniform and in his subsequent seasons, Tom Seaver provided countless big league  memories. He will forever be known as one of the greatest to ever play the game in a Mets uniform. From 1967 to 1986 Tom Terrific pitched for four teams including the Mets, Reds, White Sox and Red Sox, and ultimately he became the first player to be portrayed in a Mets hat on a Hall of Fame plaque.

Tom Seaver's career stats

NEW YORK -- For a decade in a Mets uniform and in his subsequent seasons, Tom Seaver provided countless big league  memories. He will forever be known as one of the greatest to ever play the game in a Mets uniform. From 1967 to 1986 Tom Terrific pitched for four teams including the Mets, Reds, White Sox and Red Sox, and ultimately he became the first player to be portrayed in a Mets hat on a Hall of Fame plaque.

Tom Seaver's career stats

Buy a Tom Seaver throwback jersey

Let's check out 10 moments from Tom Terrific that made him so special:

1. Near perfection
On July 9, 1969, Tom Terrific threw eight perfect innings against the Cubs, but with one out in the ninth, Chicago's Jimmy Qualls singled into left-center to break up Seaver's perfect game bid. Following the ace's one-hitter, the Mets went on to win their first World Series championship that fall. Seaver eventually would pitch a no-hitter, but never with the Mets. His no-no came nearly a decade later (see below).

Video: CHC@NYM: Tom Seaver loses perfect game in 9th

2. 19 K's
Seaver had another complete game on April 22, 1970, but this time he tossed a 19-strikeout gem to tie the Major League record (since surpassed by Roger Clemens, Kerry Wood and Max Scherzer) and set a Major League record by fanning the last 10 batters consecutively to end the game. Seaver still holds the mark for consecutive strikeouts in a game.

3. 1969 World Series Game 4
Seaver threw 18 complete games in 1969, which is why a complete game in Game 4 of the World Series was not completely out of the ordinary. What was most impressive was that he went the distance and then some, pitching 10 innings. Seaver gave up six hits, one earned run and struck out six in the Mets 2-1 walk-off win over the Orioles at Shea Stadium on Oct. 15, 1969.

Video: WS1969 Gm4: Seaver fans Blair to end top of the 10th

4. Return to Flushing
Known as "The Midnight Massacre" to most Mets fans, June 15, 1977, is the dreadful night that the Mets traded Tom Seaver to Cincinnati for Pat Zachry, Doug Flynn, Steve Henderson and Dan Norman. Less than six years later, on April 5, 1983, Seaver walked to the mound on Opening Day, making his return to New York in the Mets uniform. In true Tom Terrific fashion, he pitched six strong innings in a 2-0 win over the Phillies.

Video: Tom Seaver returns to New York on Opening Day 1983

5. Tom finds missing gem
Seaver had racked up five strikeout titles, three Cy Young Awards and a World Series title, but the no-hitter was one achievement that continued to elude him by 1978. But a series of near-misses -- including a perfect game attempt through 25 outs in '69 -- became a distant memory on June 16, 1978, when Seaver held the Cardinals hitless in a 4-0 victory for the Reds. Seaver recorded just three strikeouts but carved up the St. Louis lineup regardless, recording 1-2-3 innings in seven of his nine frames on the mound. Only four Redbirds reached base at all; three via walk and one on a throwing error by catcher Don Werner.

Video: STL@CIN: Seaver throws his first career no-hitter

6. No. 300
It was only fitting that Seaver recorded his milestone 300th victory in the familiar confines of New York on Aug. 5, 1985, when the veteran helped the White Sox beat the Yankees, 4-1, in a Sunday matinee in the Bronx. Seaver had picked up his first career victory more than 18 years prior in New York while wearing Mets colors. The Yankee Stadium crowd was chanting Seaver's name by the eighth inning as the 40-year-old pitcher was about to seal the deal, and Seaver jumped into catcher Carlton Fisk's arms when the final out was recorded. The Yankees then sent Phil Niekro onto the field to present Seaver a silver bowl in celebration.

Video: CWS@NYY: Seaver gets his 300th career win

 7. Top rook
The Mets were still mired in last place in 1967, but it was abundantly clear they had a special pitcher on their hands. All Seaver did as a 22-year-old rookie was win 16 games, twirl 18 complete games and compile a 2.76 ERA for a club that won just 61 games on the season. He was justly rewarded with the National League's Rookie of the Year Award after garnering 11 of the 20 first-place votes at the close of the campaign.

8. 1973 NLCS Game 5: Mets to the World Series
In Game 5 of the NLCS on Oct. 10, 1973, Seaver threw yet another gem for the Mets, getting through 8 1/3 innings and giving up only two runs, one earned, and striking out four. The Mets went on the beat the Reds, 7-2, making it to their second World Series in four years.

9. Hall of Famer
On Jan. 7, 1992, his first year on the ballot, Seaver was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Seaver's 98.8 percent vote total -- he was left off only five ballots -- was the record total until Ken Griffey Jr. received 99.32 percent of votes in 2016.

10. No. 41
On July 24, 1988, Seaver became the first Mets player to have his number retired by the club in a pregame ceremony on "Tom Seaver Day," and the pitcher came out to Shea Stadium and thanked the fans for his time with the organization. He and Mike Piazza are the only Mets players to have their numbers retired by the franchise.

Video: Mets Retired Number: No. 41, Tom Seaver

Erin Fish is a reporter for based in New York.

New York Mets, Tom Seaver

All 27 ultimate grand slams on record

When pinch-hitter David Bote entered the ninth inning against the Nationals on Sunday night, the rookie did the ultimate, at least in the context of baseball vernacular. With the bases loaded and his team trailing by three, Bote -- who was pinch-hitting and had two outs and two strikes, no less -- catapulted the Cubs to a comeback 4-3 win, sending the Wrigley Field faithful into a frenzy. 

There are so many ways and reasons to contextualize Bote's heroics, but here, we'll take a historical approach, examining each of the ultimate grand slams on record. An ultimate grand slam is classified as a player hitting a bases-loaded, walk-off homer when his team enters its final at-bat trailing by three runs. There have been 27 instances on record (since 1925) of a player hitting an "ultimate grand slam," though play-by-play data is incomplete prior to 1974, so some instances might be missing. 

When pinch-hitter David Bote entered the ninth inning against the Nationals on Sunday night, the rookie did the ultimate, at least in the context of baseball vernacular. With the bases loaded and his team trailing by three, Bote -- who was pinch-hitting and had two outs and two strikes, no less -- catapulted the Cubs to a comeback 4-3 win, sending the Wrigley Field faithful into a frenzy. 

There are so many ways and reasons to contextualize Bote's heroics, but here, we'll take a historical approach, examining each of the ultimate grand slams on record. An ultimate grand slam is classified as a player hitting a bases-loaded, walk-off homer when his team enters its final at-bat trailing by three runs. There have been 27 instances on record (since 1925) of a player hitting an "ultimate grand slam," though play-by-play data is incomplete prior to 1974, so some instances might be missing. 

David Bote, Cubs: Aug. 12, 2018, vs. Nationals
In a rematch of their postseason series the October prior, the Cubs couldn't muster anything agaisnt Max Scherzer, putting just five runners on base over the first eight innings. Bote, a utlilty infielder whose role has increased with the left shoulder injury to superstar Kris Bryant, worked into a 2-2 count against Nats reliever Ryan Madson, then lifted a well-placed 95-mph four-seamer in the bottom of the zone 442 feet to straightaway center, keeping the Cubs in first place. Bote is one of just three on this list who did the ultimate as a pinch-hitter and with two outs. More >

Video: WSH@CHC: Bote launches a walk-off grand slam in 9th

Steve Pearce, Blue Jays: July 30, 2017, vs. Angels
Down six entering the ninth, Toronto appeared to be toast. But against the Angels' bullpen, each of the Blue Jays' eight batters that frame reached base, capped by Pearce, who skied a 364-foot shot narrowly over the left-field wall at Rogers Centre. It was all the more impressive given that Pearce had hit a walk-off grand slam three days prior against the A's (though that one came with the game tied). 

Video: Extended Cut of Pearce's walk-off grand slam

Rajai Davis, Tigers: June 30, 2014, vs. A's
Days before he was selected to his first All-Star Game, Sean Doolittle was spoiled with a blown save by the first-place Tigers and Davis, who laced a liner to left with one out after Nicholas Castellanos, Alex Avila and Austin Jackson reached to load the bases.

Video: OAK@DET: Davis' grand slam wins it for the Tigers

Ryan Roberts, D-backs: Sept. 27, 2011, vs. Dodgers
Just before the D-backs were on their way to their first postseason appearance in four years, Roberts lasered a first-pitch fastball off then-Dodgers reliever Javy Guerra with two outs in the 10th inning, becoming just one of three players to do the ultimate in extras. 

Video: LAD@ARI: D-backs walk off in 10th on Roberts' slam

Brian Bogusevic, Astros: Aug. 16, 2011, vs. Cubs
Bogusevic, a converted outfielder whom Houston drafted as a pitcher, hit just 19 homers over his five-year career, but none was more dramatic than his walk-off slam against Cubs reliever Carlos Marmol. It marked the Astros' lone walk-off homer in 2011. 

Video: CHC@HOU: Bogusevic, Astros walk off in grand fashion

Travis Hafner, Indians: July 7, 2011, vs. Blue Jays
Hafner hit a moonshot into the right-field stands that sent Indians fans into a frenzy, helping Cleveland maintain a 1 1/2-game lead over Detroit in the American League Central standings. 

Video: TOR@CLE: Indians walk off on Hafner's grand slam

Brooks Conrad, Braves: May 20, 2010, vs. Reds
Conrad's opposite-field shot off Cincinnati's Francisco Cordero could have gone either way; the ball bounced off Laynce Nix's glove and into the left-field stands for a dramatic walk-off at Turner Field. Conrad stood at first base for a moment, unsure whether the ball was caught or gone. Once it was confirmed, Conrad -- so jubilated after capping a seven-run, ninth-inning comeback for the Braves -- sprinted around the bases to a mob at the plate. 

Video: CIN@ATL: Conrad's slam gives Braves walk-off win

Adam Dunn, Reds: June 30, 2006, vs. Indians
Dunn hit 12 career grand slams, but his bases-loaded deep fly on a steamy summer night in Cincinnati in '06 might top them all. Dunn demolished a two-out shot to the right-field bullpen in front of a packed house of 34,930 at Great American Ball Park. It was Dunn's second walk-off homer of that season for the Reds.  

Video: CLE@CIN: Dunn rips walk-off slam in 9th

Jason Giambi, Yankees: May 17, 2002, vs. Twins
In his first season with the Yankees, Giambi was on a tear, and in a game that went into the wee hours, he came up huge. In the top of the 14th, the Twins broke a tie by plating three against Sterling Hitchcock, putting major doubt into the Yanks' hopes. But against Mike Trombley, Shane Spencer and Derek Jeter each singled and Bernie Williams walked to position Giambi to crush his ninth homer of the year. 

Video: MIN@NYY: Giambi blasts walk-off slam in 14th inning

Brian Giles, Pirates: July 28, 2001, vs. Astros
The first Pirates grand slam in PNC Park history was one for the ages. Entering the ninth ahead by six, the Astros were forced to turn to All-Star closer Billy Wagner to escape a with a win that appeared to be foregone. But Wagner hit the first batter he faced, positioning Giles to connect on 1-0 fastball high and in that he lasered out to right. 

Chris Hoiles, Orioles: May 17, 1996, vs. Mariners
If the feats included here weren't already rare enough, consider that Hoiles hit his ultimate grand slam in a full count, which likely worked in his favor with the runners going and all the pressure on Mariners reliever Norm Charlton. 

Video: SEA@BAL: Jon Miller calls Hoiles' walk-off grand slam

Alan Trammell, Tigers: June 21, 1988, vs. Yankees
In one of the many highlights of the Hall of Famer, Trammell rocketed a tap-measure shot into the second deck at Tiger Stadium in what was one of just five grand slams for the 20-year veteran.

Video: NYY@DET: Trammell hits two-out, walk-off grand slam

Dick Schofield, Angels: Aug. 29, 1986, vs. Tigers
Facing three-time All-Star Willie Hernandez and his wipeout screwball, Schofield said he paced his way to the plate looking to just make contact. He wound up running into one low in the zone that kept carrying into the left-field bleachers. 

Phil Bradley, Mariners: April 13, 1985, vs. Twins
In just the fifth game of the '85 season, Bradley -- who went on to earn his only All-Star bid that year -- helped the Mariners to a walk-off win with the second of what would be a career-high 26 deep flies. 

Buddy Bell, Rangers: Aug. 31, 1984, vs. Brewers
Bell contributed to one of a career-high seven blown saves in '84 by Brewers pitcher Pete Ladd, who entered the ninth inning that day as Milwaukee's second reliever. After the Rangers loaded the bases with no outs, Mickey Rivers and Gary Ward struck out and flied out, putting Bell in position to bail Texas out. 

Bo Diaz, Phillies: April 13, 1983, vs. Mets
In a season that culminated with a National League pennant, the Phillies started the season with one of their most monumental wins early, when the veteran catcher Diaz went deep just after teammate Bill Robinson drew a bases-loaded walk, clearing him for the chance to hit an ultimate slam. 

Roger Freed, Cardinals: May 1, 1979, vs. Astros
Freed went on to hang up his cleats in '79, logging just 29 more plate appearances after his ultimate slam on May 1, which he said was "the biggest, most pleasing experience anyone could have in a lifetime. Something like this really makes me feel like a part of the ballclub -- like I'm an asset to the team. You get to feeling like dead weight when you're not contributing in some way."

Ron Lolich, Indians: April 22, 1973, vs. Red Sox
Lolich's big league career didn't last long, parts of just three seasons, and he wasn't necessarily known for his power over his accomplished Minor League career. Lolich, who had entered the game in the seventh as a pinch-hitter, had just four homers in the Majors, but none more dramatic than the one that afternoon at Cleveland Stadium. 

Carl Taylor, Cardinals: Aug. 11, 1970, vs. Padres
Taylor narrowly cleared the left-field wall with his 10th and final big league homer, and it came against the pitcher (Padres reliever Ron Herbel), against whome he hit his first career homer. Taylor told The Associated Press after: "It's got to be the biggest thrill I've ever had, because this one won the ballgame. Heck, it's my first grand slam ever, even in Little League."

Tony Taylor, Phillies: Aug. 2, 1970, vs. Giants
A fan favorite in Philly, Taylor might've been one of the more unlikely hitters to join this list, as he was never a power threat. But he remains the only Phillie to hit an ultimate slam, and he did so in the club's final season at Connie Mack Stadium. 

Ellis Burton, Cubs: Aug. 31, 1963, vs. Astros
Burton hit just 17 homers during his five seasons, and his ultimate slam came during his best, when he hit 13. Burton's was the only ultimate slam at historic Wrigley Field until Bote's memorable shot. 

Danny Kravitz, Pirates: May 11, 1956, vs. Phillies
Playing in his 10th career game to that point, the rookie catcher Kravitz, who had only entered as a pinch-hitter earlier, enjoyed perhaps his most memorable moment when lifting the Pirates to a comeback win over the Phillies that day. Kravitz went on to be Pittsburgh's reserve catcher for parts of five seasons. His ultimate grand slam was also his first career home run. 

Del Crandall, Braves: Sept. 11, 1955, vs. Phillies
Crandall was the first on this list to set the urgency bar with two outs. In the second game of a doubleheader, Crandall's Brewers trailed, 5-0, entering the ninth after taking Game 1, and proved to be determined to comeplete the same-day sweep. 

Bobby Thomson, Giants: June 15, 1952, vs. Cardinals
Months removed from his historic 'Shot Heard Round The World' homer during the Giants' 1951 World Series title run, Thomson delivered more magic at the Polo Grounds. 

Jack Phillips, Pirates: July 8, 1950, vs. Cardinals
As one of just seven on this list to hit an ultimate slam as a pinch-hitter, Phillips entered the game with three career homers to his name, and made the fourth count in a huge way, taking Harry Brecheen deep to left-center. Phillips was then included in the starting lineup the following day and homered again. 

Samuel Byrd, Reds: May 23, 1936, vs. Pirates
Byrd hit two home runs in 59 games for the Reds in '36, but his pinch-hit, walk-off grand slam against the Pirates' Cy Blanton with Cincinnati trailing, 3-0, in the bottom of the ninth inning was the most famous of the 38 he hit over an eight-year Major League career. Until Bote's slam on Sunday night, this had been the last instance of a walk-off grand slam with a team trailing by a 3-0 score. Byrd pinch-hit for reliever Don Brennan, and drove a Blanton offering over the left-field wall to lift the Reds to victory.

Babe Ruth, Yankees: Sept. 24, 1925, vs. White Sox
It's fitting in a way that the Great Bambino paced this list with the first ever, in extra innings and in old Yankee Stadium, where this shot is the only one on this list. Of course, at the time of Ruth's heroics that day, there was no formal moniker for the feat. 

Daniel Kramer is a reporter for based in Denver. Follow him on Twitter at @DKramer_.'s Matt Kelly and Manny Randhawa contributed to this story.

Shortest players to lead their league in homers

When you look at the imposing Giancarlo Stanton (6-foot-6) and Aaron Judge (6-foot-7), it makes a lot of sense that they led their respective league in homers last season.

But when it comes to shows of prodigious power, don't count out the little guy.

When you look at the imposing Giancarlo Stanton (6-foot-6) and Aaron Judge (6-foot-7), it makes a lot of sense that they led their respective league in homers last season.

But when it comes to shows of prodigious power, don't count out the little guy.

Indians third baseman Jose Ramirez, one of the rising superstars of the game, is embroiled in a furious race with J.D. Martinez of the Red Sox and Khris Davis of the A's for the American League home run crown with a little less than two months to go in the season.

While they're not quite Jose Altuve (5-foot-6) or Ozzie Albies (5-foot-8), the 5-foot-9 Ramirez (33 homers) and 5-foot-10 Davis (32) have made outsized contributions to highlight reels all season long, powering past the big guys in twin bids to become, as it turns out, one of the shortest players in MLB history to lead his league in homers.

As you'll soon see, they have some fine company. Read on to learn about the 10 shortest league home run champions of the live ball era (since 1920).

Hack Wilson, 5-foot-6
1926, '27, '28, '30

Despite being the shortest player on this list, it would be quite misleading to call Wilson "diminutive." Weighing in at a robust 190 pounds, Wilson, nicknamed "Hack" due to his resemblance to wrestler and strongman Georg Hackenschmidt, reportedly boasted an 18-inch neck and a "barrel-shaped chest," more than making up for his lack of height with his considerable heft, larger-than-life personality and prolific performance on the field.

In his six seasons with the Cubs, Wilson led the National League in homers four times, highlighted by a monstrous 1930 campaign (aided by a livened ball) in which he recorded a single-season Major League record 191 RBIs and foreshadowed the advent of the "three true outcomes" hitter by more than half a century, leading the league in homers (56), strikeouts (84) and walks (105) while hitting .356.

Wilson's 56 homers in 1930 stood as an NL record for a remarkable 68 years until it was finally broken by Mark McGwire (11 inches taller than Wilson) in his 70-homer campaign in 1998. Through those intervening generations, prolific sluggers like Mel Ott, Willie Mays, Hank Aaron, Willie McCovey, Willie Stargell and Mike Schmidt often came close in the Senior Circuit, but they always fell short of Wilson's record.

Mel Ott, 5-foot-9
1932, '34, '36, '37, '38, '42

After Wilson's relatively short-lived career came to an end in the early 1930s (he was a heavy drinker and reported to Spring Training 20 pounds overweight in 1931), Ott emerged as one of the premier power hitters of the NL in the ensuing two decades, leading the league in homers six times during his 22-year career with the New York Giants. He led the Giants in homers for an astonishing 18 consecutive seasons from 1928-45.

Ott made up for his lack of stature with an exaggerated leg kick that added power to his left-handed swing, though the short right-field porch at the Polo Grounds (258 feet down the line) undoubtedly boosted his power numbers as well. Opposing pitchers frequently pitched around Ott -- he led the league in walks six times, and surpassed 100 free passes 10 times in his career.

A 12-time All-Star inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1951, Ott became the NL's leader in career home runs in 1937 at age 28 (passing Rogers Hornsby), and his 511 homers remained an NL record until he was surpassed by Mays. Ott is 25th on the all-time home runs list.

Ripper Collins, 5-foot-9

Collins isn't one of the most recognizable names on this list -- aside from his standout 1934 campaign, in which he tied Ott for the NL lead in homers with 35 and finished sixth in MVP Award voting -- but the St. Louis first baseman had a solid but unremarkable career, amassing 135 homers and 659 RBIs in parts of nine Major League seasons.

Reportedly nicknamed "Ripper" after he once tore the cover on a ball by hitting it into an exposed nail on the outfield fence in his youth, Collins hit double-digit homers in seven seasons and won the World Series with the Cardinals in 1931 and '34.

Kevin Mitchell, 5-foot-10

Mitchell was a journeyman outfielder and third baseman who played for eight teams in his solid 13-year Major League career, becoming most famous for a highlight-reel catch in 1989 while playing left field for the Giants, in which he overran a foul ball off the bat of Ozzie Smith but reached back to make a barehanded catch.

But that 1989 season was special at the plate as well. Everything seemed to click for Mitchell, who more than doubled his previous season high in homers from 22 to 47 as he led the Senior Circuit in homers, RBIs and slugging to win the NL Most Valuable Player Award. He finished third in the NL in homers in 1990 with 35, but he only touched 30 homers in a season once more in his final seven seasons.

Video: ARI@SF: Mitchell talks about Dravecky and his career

Willie Mays, 5-foot-10
1955, '62, '64, '65

With 660 career homers, a first-ballot Hall of Fame election, two NL Most Valuable Player Awards, 12 Gold Glove Awards and 24 All-Star Game appearances in his storied 22-year career, the Say Hey Kid is perhaps baseball's greatest example of a physically small player blessed with prodigious power.

Despite being listed at 5-foot-10 and 170 pounds, Mays is fifth on the all-time homers list behind Barry Bonds, Hank Aaron, Babe Ruth and Alex Rodriguez. Somewhat surprisingly, he only led the NL in homers four times despite exceeding 35 homers 10 times in his career, racking up his homer total through his health and longevity.

From his first career homer in 1951 (off Hall of Famer Warren Spahn) to his final long ball 22 years later, the majority of Mays' homers were pulled, but he was known for his ability to adjust his swing to provide power to all fields, with 186 of his 660 homers going to center or to the right of center. Baseball may never again see a diminutive power hitter like Mays.

Al Rosen, 5-foot-10
1950, '53

It took the future Giants general manager until his fourth Major League season to secure regular playing time. Perhaps the Cleveland Indians should have turned to him sooner.

Rosen didn't hit a homer across 35 combined games in his first three seasons, but as a 26-year-old rookie in 1950, Rosen crashed onto the scene with a league-leading 37 long balls (better than Joe DiMaggio and Ted Williams), setting an AL rookie record that stood until McGwire topped it with the Oakland A's in '87.

But the finest year of the 5-foot-10, 180-pound Rosen's career came in 1953, when he narrowly missed the AL Triple Crown and won his only AL Most Valuable Player Award with a league-leading 43 homers and 145 RBIs. He hit a career-best .336 that season, losing the batting title by one point to Mickey Vernon of the Washington Senators. Rosen is Cleveland's last AL MVP Award winner.

Video: Indians great Al Rosen passes away at age 91

Tommy Holmes, 5-foot-10

And here we enter the World War II phase of this list. With many of the sport's stars -- including Williams, Stan Musial and DiMaggio -- serving in the armed forces in the early 1940s, numerous less established players were given the opportunity to showcase their talents, opening the door for players like Holmes to produce standout numbers.

Holmes, an outfielder, played all but one of his 11 seasons with the Boston Braves, and he hit a career-best 28 homers in 1945, also leading the NL in hits, doubles and slugging. He finished second in both the MVP Award and batting title races to Phil Cavarretta of the Cubs.

With most of the Major Leagues' premier talent returning for the 1946 season, Holmes' homer total dipped to six, and he never again reached double digits in his final seven years. His 88 career homers are the fewest on this list.

Vern Stephens, 5-foot-10

Though Stephens was also a fine power hitter in the late 1940s following the return of wartime ballplayers, topping out at 39 homers and a league-leading 159 RBIs in '49, his power prime unfortunately coincided with the profound success of both Williams and DiMaggio, who traded the league's home run crown from 1947-49.

That meant that Stephens' lone home run title came in 1945, with a comparatively paltry total of 24 roundtrippers. He was known for his standout power from what was, at the time, a light-hitting shortstop position.

Stephens' 24 homers in 1945 were the most in a single season in baseball history by a shortstop to that point, and prior to his retirement in '55, he had the four highest such single-season totals by a shortstop in the Major Leagues. (Ernie Banks then promptly hit 44 roundtrippers in '55.)

Dolph Camilli, 5-foot-10

One of the more consistent power hitters of the late 1930s and early '40s, Camilli, a first baseman, spent the majority of his career with the Philadelphia Phillies and Brooklyn Dodgers, and he played a major role in the Dodgers' worst-to-first turnaround from his acquisition in 1938 to winning the NL pennant in '41.

Camilli's career year in 1941 spurred that World Series push, as he led the NL with career highs in homers (34) and RBIs (120) en route to winning his only NL Most Valuable Player Award. It wasn't enough to give the Dodgers the crown, though -- they lost the World Series in five games to the Yankees.

Camilli's ferocious power swing helped him post at least 20 homers in eight consecutive seasons from 1935-42, but he also led the league in strikeouts four times, including a career-high 115 in his 1941 MVP Award-winning season.

Joe Medwick, 5-foot-10

A left fielder who collected 2,471 hits in his 17-year Hall of Fame career, Medwick saw his power leave him for the most part after his age-29 season. But through his 20s, he posted nine straight seasons of at least 14 homers, including his NL Triple Crown campaign in 1937 (the last Triple Crown in the NL).

During that 1937 season, Medwick led the league in hits (237), runs (111), homers (31), RBIs (154), batting average (.374) and doubles (56), garnering the NL Most Valuable Player Award with the St. Louis Cardinals. He was better known for his prowess in hitting doubles -- his 63 two-baggers in 1934 remain an NL record to this day, threatened most recently by Colorado's Todd Helton (59) in 2000.

Medwick was nicknamed "Ducky" by the public for his burly stature and his somewhat awkward gait -- to his teammates, he insisted on being called "Muscles."

Do-Hyoung Park is a reporter for based in the Bay Area. Follow him on Twitter at @dohyoungpark.

Greatest outfield throws in baseball history

It may very well be the play of the year. On Saturday night in Anaheim, A's rookie center fielder Ramon Laureano made an incredible running catch in left-center field on a Justin Upton drive, then fired a 321-foot throw back to first base to double up Eric Young Jr.

One of the most awe-inspiring plays an outfielder can make is with a strong throw, whether it's doubling up a runner on the bases or, perhaps the most exciting iteration of this type of play, throwing a runner out at home plate. Over the decades there have been many tremendous throws from the outfield, and here are 10 of the best:

It may very well be the play of the year. On Saturday night in Anaheim, A's rookie center fielder Ramon Laureano made an incredible running catch in left-center field on a Justin Upton drive, then fired a 321-foot throw back to first base to double up Eric Young Jr.

One of the most awe-inspiring plays an outfielder can make is with a strong throw, whether it's doubling up a runner on the bases or, perhaps the most exciting iteration of this type of play, throwing a runner out at home plate. Over the decades there have been many tremendous throws from the outfield, and here are 10 of the best:

Ramon Laureano, Athletics: Aug. 11, 2018
Laureano, in his fifth Major League game, had to go 76 feet in 4.4 seconds to run down an Upton fly ball in the third inning of the Athletics' contest against the Angels at Angel Stadium. His sprint speed was tracked at 29.1 feet per second (30.0 is considered elite) and he made a four-star catch per Statcast™, with a catch probability of 42 percent. As impressive as that was, it was the 91.2 mph throw that covered 321 feet with near pinpoint accuracy to double off Young at first base that had everyone in awe. 

Video: LAD@COL: Puig makes a great throw to get Story

Yasiel Puig, Dodgers: April 22, 2016
Puig has made several jaw-dropping throws in his career, but his play at Coors Field against the Rockies may be his finest. With the Dodgers leading Colorado, 5-4, in the fifth inning, Trevor Story hit a drive off the wall in right field that bounced back toward the infield. Puig, hitting the wall trying to make the catch, retrieved the ball and fired a throw to third base that landed right at the bag to get Story -- one of the fastest players in the game according to Statcast™ sprint speed metrics. 

Video: OAK@NYY: Hicks throws home to complete double play

Aaron Hicks, Yankees: April 20, 2016
Hicks unleashed a 105.5 mph throw, the hardest Statcast™ has ever tracked, from left field to get Oakland's Danny Valencia at the plate with the bases loaded in the fourth inning at Yankee Stadium. He made the play on a Yonder Alonso fly ball, with Valencia tagging. It was a one-hop seed to catcher Brian McCann for an inning-ending double play.

Video: OAK@LAA: Cespedes throws out Kendrick at the plate

Yoenis Cespedes, Athletics: June 10, 2014
In another Athletics-Angels game at Angel Stadium, another incredible throw by an Oakland outfielder, this time from left field. In the bottom of the eighth inning and with the score tied at 1, Mike Trout lined a ball down the left-field line and Cespedes misplayed it, enabling the ball to trickle toward the wall in foul territory. Howie Kendrick, who began the play at first base, was tearing around third after the misplay, but Cespedes fired an incredible throw, on a line, to the plate to nab the would-be go-ahead run.

Video: MON@TOR: Guerrero's rocket gets Castillo at home

Vladimir Guerrero, Expos: July 7, 2001
Guerrero made so many incredible throws from right field during his Hall of Fame career that it's tough to narrow them down to one. But perhaps his most iconic is the flat-footed rocket he unleashed toward home plate to nab the Blue Jays' Alberto Castillo, who was trying to score from second on a Shannon Stewart single. With the softly-hit ball bouncing off the artificial turf at Skydome, Guerrero had to play back and glove it over his head, leading to the flat-footed throw, making the play all the more impressive.

Video: SEA@OAK: Ichiro throws out Long at third base

Ichiro Suzuki, Mariners: April 11, 2001
Ichiro wasted no time in announcing his presence on the Major League stage as a rookie in 2001. During his first road trip as a big leaguer, he unloaded a missile to third base to get the Athletics' Terrence Long going first to third on a single to right field. The throw was right on the bag at third, in the air, and sent shockwaves through the baseball world as an early taste of what Ichiro could do defensively, in addition to his tremendous talent at the plate.

Video: PIT@COL: Guillen's rocket gets Perez at third

Jose Guillen, Pirates: July 27, 1998
In a play very similar to Puig's at Coors Field, Guillen went back on a long drive by the Rockies' Neifi Perez in the third inning, and the ball hit off the wall and bounced back toward the infield. Guillen picked it up and threw a perfect strike to third base from about three steps in front of the warning track in right field. The debate rages on: Which throw was better, Puig's or Guillen's?

Video: KC@SEA: Bo Jackson's cannon gets Reynolds at home

Bo Jackson, Royals: June 5, 1989
Jackson, a two-sport star in baseball and football, had a flair for the dramatic, doing things that made it seem like he was superhuman. And in the bottom of the 10th inning against the Mariners at the Kingdome, he added to his legend by throwing Harold Reynolds out at the plate as he tried to score the winning run from first base on Scott Bradley's double to the left-field wall. Even the play-by-play account of what transpired underscored just how shocking it was that Jackson was able to nab the speedy Reynolds -- "It's going to be up to Bo Jackson to keep Reynolds from scoring. He can't do it -- yes he can!" Reynolds was just as shocked, slamming his helmet in disbelief at being thrown out.

Video: NL@AL: Parker throws out Downing at the plate

Dave Parker, Pirates: July 17, 1979
What better stage to show off a cannon of an arm than against the game's best in an All-Star Game? That's what Parker did in the 1979 Midsummer Classic, throwing out Angels catcher Brian Downing at the plate. He also threw out future Hall of Famer Jim Rice at third base on another play in that contest, en route to being named the All-Star Game Most Valuable Player.

Manny Randhawa is a reporter for based in Denver. Follow him on Twitter at @MannyOnMLB.

Stanton adds to legend with laser HR

Giancarlo and Judge have now hit 13 hardest HRs in Statcast Era

If you turned away -- or even blinked for a second -- you may have missed some Statcast™ history.

Giancarlo Stanton's name has been ubiquitous with Statcast™, and on Thursday, the Yankees' slugger made some batted ball history again. Stanton connected on his fifth-inning home run with a scorching 121.7 mph exit velocity to send the ball a projected 449 feet, surpassing his teammate, Aaron Judge, for the hardest home run Statcast™ has tracked from any player since it launched in 2015.

If you turned away -- or even blinked for a second -- you may have missed some Statcast™ history.

Giancarlo Stanton's name has been ubiquitous with Statcast™, and on Thursday, the Yankees' slugger made some batted ball history again. Stanton connected on his fifth-inning home run with a scorching 121.7 mph exit velocity to send the ball a projected 449 feet, surpassing his teammate, Aaron Judge, for the hardest home run Statcast™ has tracked from any player since it launched in 2015.

Those two names -- Stanton and Judge -- form a common theme atop the exit velocity leaderboard. In fact, Stanton's record-setter on Thursday means the two Yankees bruisers have now combined to hit the 13 hardest homers in Statcast™ history. Below is a quick look at the 10 hardest.

1. Stanton: 121.7 mph
Date: Aug. 9, 2018, vs. TEX
Stanton picked up the Yankees' offensive responsibilities with Judge sidelined with a chip fracture in his wrist, seemingly pounding pitch after pitch with authority. His home run Thursday -- which gave him three straight games with a dinger -- was hit hardest of all, slicing through the warm Bronx night and into the second deck of the left-field seats at Yankee Stadium.

Only one ball of any kind has been hit harder under Statcast™ tracking, and that also belonged to Stanton. He hit a 122.2 mph single on the final day of the 2017 season, when he was chasing his mythical 60th homer of the campaign.

Video: BAL@NYY: Statcast™ measures Judge's 121.1-mph homer

2. Judge: 121.1 mph
Date: June 10, 2017, vs. BAL
Judge's hardest homer came amid an offensive deluge for the Yankees, who sent 10 men to the plate against Orioles starter Chris Tillman in the first inning. The blast -- along with Judge's performance in the 2017 Home Run Derby -- helped the outfielder establish himself as a superstar in the game.

Video: BAL@NYY: Judge crushes home run at 119.4 mph

3. Judge: 119.4 mph
Date: April 28, 2017, vs. BAL
Judge's damage against the Orioles wasn't limited to tape-measure home runs. His 1.637 OPS against Baltimore in 2017 finished as the second-best in history by any player against a single opponent (min. 85 plate appearances), behind only Babe Ruth's 1.720 OPS against the Indians in 1921.

Video: NYY@TOR: Stanton mashes a 119.3-mph laser homer

4. Stanton: 119.3 mph
Date: June 6, 2018, vs. TOR
Stanton's personal hardest homer before Thursday was both crushed and timely; the 416-foot laser beam came just after Judge's 13th-inning homer that broke a scoreless tie with the Blue Jays. Stanton's follow-up provided welcome insurance in the Pinstripes' 3-0 win.

Video: STL@MIA: Statcast™ tracks Stanton's 479-foot home run

5. Stanton: 119.2 mph
Date: June 23, 2015, vs. STL
Stanton's hardest tater in a Marlins uniform was majestic in every sense of the word. Hit up toward the glass windows at the back of Marlins Park, Stanton's shot off Cardinals ace Carlos Martinez went a projected 479 feet, per Statcast™.

Video: ATL@MIA: Stanton hits second homer of game for No. 59

6. Stanton: 118.7 mph
Date: Sept. 28, 2017, vs. ATL
Few hitters in recent memory can claim they were as locked in as Stanton was last fall, when he went on a blistering pace to approach 60 home runs. Even more remarkable was how hard Stanton was hitting some of those homers, none harder than his 59th and final dinger off Braves pitcher Rex Brothers.

Video: BAL@NYY: Judge belts 495-foot homer, longest of 2017

7. Judge: 118.6 mph
Date: June 11, 2017, vs. BAL
Part three of Judge's dominance against the Orioles on this list is a blast that no one in Yankee Stadium that day is likely to forget. Struck with both elite exit velocity and an ideal 28-degree launch angle, Judge's rocket sailed over the left-center concourse at Yankee Stadium for a projected 495-foot distance reading from Statcast™. It tied Kris Bryant for the second-farthest homer ever tracked by Statcast™, behind only Stanton's 504-foot blast at Colorado's Coors Field on Aug. 6, 2016.

"I've seen him hit homers, but that one from today is just incredible," said Yankees catcher Gary Sanchez. "I've never seen anything like that."

Video: MIA@PHI: Statcast™ tracks Stanton's laser home run

8. Stanton: 118.5 mph
Date: April 23, 2015, vs. PHI
Stanton broke in the technology with force in the first month of the '15 season, pulverizing an offering from Phillies pitcher Justin DeFratus and sending a heat-seeking laser to left that left the bat with an incredibly low 13-degree launch angle. This is one of a small handful of homers tracked with a launch angle below 15 degrees in Statcast™ history.

Tweet from @MLB: .@TheJudge44 leaves his mark.

9. Judge: 118.4 mph
Date: July 4, 2018, vs. TOR
This homer left a mark -- literally. Judge's 456-foot Independence Day firework left a noticeable dent in a metal casement in left-center at Yankee Stadium.

Video: TOR@NYY: Judge crushes 52nd home run 484 feet

10. Judge: 118.3 mph
Date: Sept. 30, 2017, vs. KC
Like Stanton's final homer of 2017, Judge's swan song was anything but cheap. With the rookie home run record already in tow, Judge took a victory lap on this 484-foot shot that helped him pass Babe Ruth for the most homers by any player at Yankee Stadium in a single season.

Hardest home runs hit by players other than Stanton or Judge

Video: OAK@TEX: Gallo hits 2-run HR at 117.5 mph off the bat

1-T. Joey Gallo: 117.5 mph
Date: June 5, 2018, vs. OAK
1-T. Hanley Ramirez: 117.5 mph
Date: April 11, 2018, vs. NYY
3. Carlos Gonzalez: 117.4
Date: April 4, 2016, vs. ARI
4. Marcell Ozuna: 117.2 mph
Date: April 3, 2018, vs. MIL
5-T. Nomar Mazara: 117.1 mph
Date: May 9, 2018, vs. DET
5-T. Kyle Schwarber: 117.1 mph
Date: April 24, 2018, vs. CLE

Matt Kelly is a reporter for based in New York. Follow him on Twitter at @mattkellyMLB.

New York Yankees, Aaron Judge, Giancarlo Stanton

Players who have hit for the cycle

Getting four knocks in one day is memorable for even the best hitters.

Getting four knocks in one day is memorable for even the best hitters.


But getting a hit of each kind -- a single, double, triple and homer -- in the same game? That's something special.

How special? Well, no Marlins hitter has accomplished the feat, meaning that they have more World Series championships as a franchise than players who have hit for the cycle.

And the Padres, who have been around since 1969, didn't have their first cycle in team history until 2015 -- nearly five decades into their existence.

"It's hard to believe," Matt Kemp said after completing San Diego's first cycle. "All those great hitters that have been here, like Tony Gwynn and all those guys, haven't been able to get a hit for a cycle. I'm just glad to be able to do it."

Here is a complete list of every player to hit for the cycle, broken down by franchise:

• Mike Trout, May 21, 2013 Watch >
• Chone Figgins, Sept. 16, 2006 Watch >
• Jeff DaVanon, Aug. 25, 2004 Watch >
• Dave Winfield, June 24, 1991 Watch >
• Dan Ford, Aug. 10, 1979
• Jim Fregosi, May 20, 1968
• Jim Fregosi, July 28, 1964

• Brandon Barnes, July 19, 2013 Watch >
• Luke Scott, July 28, 2006 Watch >
• Craig Biggio, April 8, 2002 Watch >
• Jeff Bagwell, July 18, 2001 Watch >
• Andujar Cedeno, Aug. 25, 1992 Watch >
• Bob Watson, June 24, 1977
• Cesar Cedeno, Aug. 9, 1976
• Cesar Cedeno, Aug. 2, 1972

• Mark Ellis, June 4, 2007 Watch >
• Eric Byrnes, June 29, 2003 Watch >
• Miguel Tejada, Sept. 29, 2001 Watch >
• Eric Chavez, June 21, 2000 Watch >
• Mike Blowers, May 18, 1998 Watch >
• Tony Phillips, May 16, 1986 Watch >
• Elmer Valo, Aug. 2, 1950
• Sam Chapman, May 5, 1939
• Doc Cramer, June 10, 1934
• Jimmie Foxx, Aug. 14, 1933
• Pinky Higgins, Aug. 6, 1933
• Mickey Cochrane, Aug. 2, 1933
• Mickey Cochrane, July 22, 1932
• Frank Baker, July 3, 1911
• Danny Murphy, Aug. 25, 1910
• Nap Lajoie, July 30, 1901
• Harry Davis, July 10, 1901
• Harry Stovey, May 15, 1888
• Chippy McGarr, Sept. 23. 1886
• Henry Larkin, June 16, 1885
• Lon Knight, July 30, 1883

Blue Jays
• Jeff Frye, Aug. 17, 2001 Watch >
• Kelly Gruber, April 16, 1989 Watch >

• Freddie Freeman, June 15, 2016  Watch >
• Mark Kotsay, Aug.14, 2008 Watch >
• Albert Hall, Sept. 23,1987 Watch >
• Bill Collins, Oct. 6, 1910
• Johnny Bates, April 26, 1907
• Duff Cooley, June 20, 1904
• Herman Long, May 9, 1896

• George Kottaras, Sept. 3, 2011 Watch >
• Jody Gerut, May 8, 2010 Watch >
• Chad Moeller, April 27, 2004 Watch >
• Paul Molitor, May 15, 1991
• Robin Yount, June 12, 1988 Watch >
• Charlie Moore, Oct. 1, 1980
• Mike Hegan, Sept. 3, 1976

• Mark Grudzielanek, April 27, 2005 Watch >
• John Mabry, May 18, 1996 Watch >
• Ray Lankford, Sept. 15, 1991 Watch >
• Willie McGee, June 23, 1984 Watch >
• Lou Brock, May 27, 1975
• Joe Torre, June 27, 1973
• Ken Boyer, June 16, 1964
• Ken Boyer, Sept. 14, 1961
• Bill White, Aug. 14, 1960
• Stan Musial, July 24, 1949
• Johnny Mize, July 13, 1940
• Joe Medwick, June 29, 1935
• Pepper Martin, May 5, 1933
• Chick Hafey, Aug. 21, 1930
• Jim Bottomley, July 15, 1927
• Cliff Heathcote, June 13, 1918
• Tommy Dowd, Aug. 16, 1895
• Tip O'Neill, May 7, 1887
• Tip O'Neill, April 30,1887
• Fred Dunlap, May 24, 1886

• Mark Grace, May 9, 1993 Watch >
• Andre Dawson, April 29, 1987
• Ivan De Jesus, April 22, 1980
• Randy Hundley, Aug. 11, 1966
• Billy Williams, July 17, 1966
• Lee Walls, July 2, 1957
• Roy Smalley, June 28, 1950
• Babe Herman, Sept. 30, 1933
• Hack Wilson, June 23, 1930
• Jimmy Ryan, July 1,1891
• Jimmy Ryan, July 28,1888

• Aaron Hill, June 29, 2012 Watch >
• Aaron Hill, June 18, 2012  Watch >
• Kelly Johnson, July 23, 2010 Watch >
• Stephen Drew, Sept. 1, 2008 Watch >
• Greg Colbrunn, Sept. 18, 2002 Watch >
• Luis Gonzalez, July 5, 2000 Watch >

• Cody Bellinger, July 15, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Orlando Hudson, April 13, 2009 Watch >
• Wes Parker, May 7, 1970
• Gil Hodges, June 25, 1949
• Jackie Robinson, Aug. 29, 1948
• Dixie Walker, Sept. 2, 1944
• Babe Herman, July 24, 1931
• Babe Herman, May 18, 1931
• Jimmy Johnston, May 25, 1922
• Tom Burns, Aug. 1, 1890

• Pablo Sandoval, Sept. 15, 2011 Watch >
• Fred Lewis, May 13, 2007 Watch >
• Randy Winn, Aug. 15, 2005 Watch >
• Jeff Kent, May 3, 1999 Watch >
• Robby Thompson, April 22, 1991 Watch >
• Chris Speier, July 9, 1988 Watch >
• Candy Maldonado, May 4, 1987 Watch >
• Jeffrey Leonard, June 27, 1985
• Dave Kingman, April 16, 1972
• Jim Ray Hart, July 8, 1970
• Don Mueller, July 11, 1954
• Harry Danning, June 15, 1940
• Sam Leslie, May 24, 1936
• Freddie Lindstrom, May 8, 1930
• Mel Ott, May 16, 1929
• Bill Terry, May 29, 1928
• Ross Youngs, April 29, 1922
• Dave Bancroft, June 1, 1921
• George Burns, Sept. 17, 1920
• Chief Meyers, June 10, 1912
• Sam Mertes, Oct. 4, 1904
• Mike Tiernan, Aug. 28, 1890
• Roger Connor, July 21, 1890
• Mike Tiernan, Aug. 25, 1888
• Dave Orr, Aug. 10, 1887
• Dave Orr, June 12, 1885

• Rajai Davis, July 2, 2016 Watch >
• Travis Hafner, Aug. 14, 2003 Watch >
• Andre Thornton, April 22, 1978
• Tony Horton, July 2, 1970
• Larry Doby, June 4, 1952
• Odell Hale, JUly 12, 1938
• Earl Averill, Aug. 17, 1933
• Bill Bradley, Sept. 24, 1903

• Adrian Beltre, Sept. 1, 2008 Watch >
• John Olerud, June 16, 2001 Watch >
• Alex Rodriguez, June 5, 1997 Watch >
• Jay Buhner, June 23, 1993 Watch >


• Scott Hairston, April 27, 2012 Watch >
• Jose Reyes, June 21, 2006 Watch >
• Eric Valent, July 29, 2004 Watch >
• John Olerud, Sept. 11, 1997 Watch >
• Alex Ochoa, July 3, 1996 Watch >
• Kevin McReynolds, Aug.1, 1989 Watch >
• Keith Hernandez, July 4, 1985
• Mike Phillips, June 25, 1976
• Tommie Agee, July 6, 1970
• Jim Hickman, Aug. 7, 1963

• Trea Turner, April 25, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Cristian Guzman, Aug. 28, 2008 Watch >
• Brad Wilkerson, April 6, 2005 Watch >
• Vladimir Guerrero, Sept. 14, 2003 Watch >
• Brad Wilkerson, June 24, 2003 Watch >
• Rondell White, June 11, 1995
• Tim Raines, Aug. 16, 1987 Watch >
• Chris Speier, July 20, 1978
• Tim Foli, April 21, 1976

• Felix Pie, Aug. 14, 2009 Watch >
• Aubrey Huff, June 29, 2007 Watch >
• Cal Ripken Jr., May 6, 1984
• Brooks Robinson, July 15, 1960
• George McQuinn, July 19, 1941
• Ski Melillo, May 23, 1929
• Baby Doll Jacobson, April 17, 1924
• George Sisler, Aug. 13, 1921
• George Sisler, Aug. 8, 1920

• Wil Myers, April 10, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Matt Kemp, Aug. 14, 2015 Watch >

• David Bell, June 28, 2004 Watch >
• Gregg Jefferies, Aug. 25, 1995 Watch >
• Johnny Callison, June 27, 1963
• Chuck Klein, May 26, 1933
• Chuck Klein, July 1, 1931
• Cy Williams, Aug. 5, 1927
• Sam Thompson, Aug. 17, 1894
• Lave Cross, April 24, 1894

• John Jaso, Sept. 28, 2016 Watch >
• Daryle Ward, May 26, 2004 Watch >
• Jason Kendall, May 19, 2000 Watch >
• Gary Redus, Aug. 25, 1989
• Mike Easler, June 12, 1980
• Richie Zisk, June 9, 1974
• Willie Stargell, July 22, 1964
• Gus Bell, June 4, 1951
• Ralph Kiner, June 25, 1950
• Wally Westlake, June 14, 1949
• Wally Westlake, July 30, 1948
• Bill Salkeld, Aug. 4, 1945
• Bob Elliott, July 15, 1945
• Arky Vaughan, July 19, 1939
• Arky Vaughan, June 24, 1933
• Max Carey, June 20, 1925
• Kiki Cuyler, June 4, 1925
• Pie Traynor, July 7, 1923
• Dave Robertson, Aug. 30, 1921
• Honus Wagner, Aug. 22, 1912
• Chief Wilson, July 3, 1910
• Fred Clarke, May 7, 1903
• Fred Clarke, July 23, 1901
• Fred Carroll, May 2, 1887

• Carlos Gomez, April 29, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Adrian Beltre, Aug. 3, 2015 Watch >
• Shin-Soo Choo, July 21, 2015  Watch >
• Alex Rios, Sept. 23, 2013 Watch >
• Adrian Beltre, Aug. 24, 2012 Watch >
• Bengie Molina, July 16, 2010 Watch >
• Ian Kinsler, April 15, 2009 Watch >
• Gary Matthews Jr., Sept. 13, 2006 Watch >
• Mark Teixeira, Aug. 17, 2004 Watch >
• Oddibe McDowell, July 23, 1985
• Jim King, May 26, 1964

• Evan Longoria, Aug. 1, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• B.J. Upton., Oct. 2, 2009 Watch >

Red Sox
• Mookie Betts, Aug. 9, 2018 Watch >
• Brock Holt, June 16, 2015 Watch >
• John Valentin, June 6, 1996 Watch >
• Scott Cooper, April 12, 1994 Watch >
• Mike Greenwell, Sept. 14, 1988
• Rich Gedman, Sept. 18, 1985
• Dwight Evans, June 28, 1984
• Fred Lynn, May 13, 1980
• Bob Watson, Sept. 15, 1979
• Carl Yastrzemski, May 14, 1965
• Lou Clinton, July 13, 1962
• Bobby Doerr, May 13, 1947
• Ted Williams, July 21, 1946
• Bob Johnson, July 6, 1944
• Bobby Doerr, May 17, 1944
• Leon Culberson, July 3, 1943
• Joe Cronin, Aug. 2, 1940
• Moose Solters, Aug. 19, 1934
• Roy Carlyle, July 21, 1925
• Tris Speaker, June 9, 1912
• Patsy Dougherty, July 29, 1903
• Buck Freeman, June 21, 1903

• Eric Davis, June 2, 1989 Watch >
• Frank Robinson, May 2, 1959
• Harry Craft, June 8, 1940
• Heinie Groh, July 5, 1915
• Mike Mitchell, Aug. 19, 1911
• Tom Parrott, Sept. 28, 1894
• John Reilly, Aug. 6, 1890
• Bid McPhee, Aug. 26, 1887
• John Reilly, Sept. 19, 1883
• John Reilly, Sept. 12, 1883

• Nolan Arenado, June 18, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Michael Cuddyer, Aug. 17, 2014 Watch >
• Carlos Gonzalez, July 31, 2010 Watch >
• Troy Tulowitzki, Aug. 10, 2009 Watch >
• Mike Lansing, June 18, 2000 Watch >
• Todd Helton, June 19, 1999 Watch >
• Neifi Perez, July 25, 1998 Watch >
• Dante Bichette, June 10, 1998 Watch >

• George Brett, July 25, 1990 Watch >
• Frank White, Aug. 3, 1982
• Frank White, Sept. 26, 1979
• George Brett, May 28, 1979
• John Mayberry, Aug. 5, 1977
• Freddie Patek, July 9, 1971

• Carlos Guillen, Aug. 1, 2006 Watch >
• Damion Easley, June 8, 2001
• Travis Fryman, July 28, 1993 Watch >
• Hoot Evers, Sept. 7, 1950
• George Kell, June 2, 1950
• Vic Wertz, Sept, 14, 1947
• Charlie Gehringer, May 27, 1939
• Gee Walker, April 20, 1937
• Bob Fothergill, Sept. 26, 1926
• Bobby Veach, Sept. 17, 1920

• Michael Cuddyer, May 22, 2009 Watch >
• Jason Kubel, April 17, 2009 Watch >
• Carlos Gomez, May 7, 2008 Watch >
• Kirby Puckett, Aug. 1, 1986
• Gary Ward, Sept. 18, 1980
• Mike Cubbage, July 27, 1978
• Lyman Bostock, July 24, 1976
• Larry Hisle, June 4, 1976
• Cesar Tovar, Sept. 19, 1972
• Rod Carew, May 20, 1970
• Mickey Vernon, May 19, 1946
• Joe Cronin, Sept. 2, 1929
• Goose Goslin, Aug. 28, 1924
• Otis Clymer, Oct. 2, 1908

White Sox
• Jose Abreu, Sept. 9, 2017 Full story > , Watch >
• Jose Valentin, April 27, 2000 Watch >
• Chris Singleton, July 6, 1999 Watch >
• Carlton Fisk, May 16, 1984
• Jack Brohamer, Sept. 24, 1977
• Ray Schalk, June 27, 1922

• Melky Cabrera, Aug. 2, 2009 Watch >
• Tony Fernandez, Sept. 3, 1995 Watch >
• Bobby Murcer, Aug. 29, 1972
• Mickey Mantle, July 23, 1957
• Joe DiMaggio, May 20, 1948
• Joe Gordon, Sept. 8, 1940
• Buddy Rosar, July 19, 1940
• Lou Gehrig, Aug. 1, 1937
• Joe DiMaggio, July 9, 1937
• Lou Gehrig, June 25, 1934
• Tony Lazzeri, June 3, 1932
• Bob Meusel, July 26, 1928
• Bob Meusel, July 3, 1922
• Bob Meusel, May 7, 1921
• Bert Daniels, July 25, 1912

Ed Eagle is an editorial producer for

Immaculate innings: 3 strikeouts on 9 pitches

Three up, three down, with all three batters struck out on three pitches each.

Three up, three down, with all three batters struck out on three pitches each.


While the "Immaculate Inning" isn't nearly as rare as it once was -- there were none from 1929-52 and eight alone in 2017 -- any pitcher who can plow through a big league lineup on nine straight strikes deserves a special place in the record book.

"I've been pitching seven or eight years, and I just [didn't] know what [an immaculate inning] is," Dodgers closer Kenley Jansen said after tossing one in 2017. "But now I know, and it's awesome."

Here are the pitchers who have accomplished the impressive feat:

German Marquez, Rockies, Aug. 8, 2018
Fourth inning vs. the Pirates: Corey Dickerson, Starling Marte, Gregory Polanco Watch >

Max Scherzer, Nationals, June 5, 2018
Sixth inning vs. the Rays: Johnny Field, Christian Arroyo, Daniel Robertson Watch >

Kevin Gausman, Orioles, April 23, 2018
Seventh inning vs. the Indians: Yonder Alonso, Yan Gomes and Bradley Zimmer Watch >

Rick Porcello, Red Sox, Aug. 9, 2017
Fifth inning vs. the Rays: Trevor Plouffe, Wilson Ramos and Mallex Smith Watch >

• Jose Alvarado, Rays, Aug. 4, 2017
Ninth inning vs. the Brewers: Travis Shaw, Jesus Aguilar and Hernan Perez Watch >

• Dellin Betances, Yankees, Aug. 2, 2017
Eighth inning vs. the Tigers: Jim Adduci, Justin Upton and Miguel Cabrera Watch >

• Carlos Carrasco, Indians, July 7, 2017
Fifth inning vs. the Tigers: Nicholas Castellanos, Mikie Mahtook and Jose Iglesias Watch >

• Kenley Jansen, Dodgers, May 18, 2017
Ninth inning vs. the Marlins: Derek Dietrich, J.T. Riddle and Ichiro Suzuki Watch >

• Max Scherzer, Nationals, May 14, 2017
Fifth inning vs. the Phillies: Cesar Hernandez, Odubel Herrera and Aaron Altherr Watch >

• Craig Kimbrel, Red Sox, May 11, 2017
Ninth inning vs. the Brewers: Hernan Perez, Travis Shaw and Domingo Santana Watch >

• Drew Storen, Reds, April 18, 2017
Ninth inning vs. the Orioles: Jonathan Schoop, J.J. Hardy and Hyun Soo Kim Watch >

• Juan Nicasio, Pirates, July 4, 2016
Eighth inning vs. the Cardinals: Stephen Piscotty, Jhonny Peralta and Yadier Molina Watch >

• Santiago Casilla, Giants, May 17, 2015
Ninth inning vs. the Reds: Marlon Byrd, Brandon Phillips and Jay Bruce Watch >

• Mike Fiers, Brewers, May 7, 2015
Fourth inning vs. the Dodgers: Enrique Hernandez, Carlos Frias and Joc Pederson Watch >

• Brandon McCarthy, Yankees, Sept. 17, 2014
Seventh inning vs. the Rays: Wil Myers, Nick Franklin and Matt Joyce Watch >

• Carlos Contreras, Reds, July 11, 2014
Seventh inning vs. the Pirates: Jordy Mercer, Jeff Locke and Gregory Polanco Watch >

• Rex Brothers, Rockies, June 14, 2014
Eighth inning vs. the Giants: Michael Morse, Brandon Crawford and Gregor Blanco Watch >

• Garrett Richards, Angels, June 4, 2014
Second inning vs. the Astros: Jon Singleton, Matt Dominguez and Chris Carter Watch >

• Justin Masterson, Indians, June 2, 2014
Fourth inning vs. the Red Sox: Jonny Gomes, Grady Sizemore and Stephen Drew Watch >

• Cole Hamels, Phillies, May 17, 2014
Third inning vs. the Reds: Zack Cozart, Brandon Phillips and Todd Frazier Watch >

• Brad Boxberger, Rays, May 8, 2014
Sixth inning vs. the Orioles: Steve Pearce, Jonathan Schoop and Caleb Joseph Watch >

• Steve Delabar, Blue Jays, July 30, 2013
Eighth inning vs. the Athletics: Adam Rosales, Coco Crisp and Chris Young Watch >

• Ivan Nova, Yankees, May 29, 2013
Eighth inning vs. the Mets: Ike Davis, Mike Baxter and Ruben Tejada Watch >

• Wade Miley, D-backs, Oct. 1, 2012
Third inning vs. the Rockies: Jonathan Herrera, Drew Pomeranz and Josh Rutledge Watch >

• Clay Buchholz, Red Sox, Aug. 16, 2012
Sixth inning vs. the Orioles: Adam Jones, Matt Wieters and Chris Davis Watch >

• Juan Perez, Phillies, July 8, 2011
Tenth inning vs. the Braves: Jason Heyward, Nate McLouth and Wilkin Ramirez Watch >

• Jordan Zimmermann, Nationals, May 6, 2011
Second inning vs. the Marlins: Mike Stanton, Greg Dobbs and John Buck Watch >

• Rafael Soriano, Rays, Aug. 23, 2010
Ninth inning vs. the Angels: Erick Aybar, Mike Napoli and Peter Bourjos Watch >

• Ross Ohlendorf, Pirates, Sept. 5, 2009
Seventh inning vs. the Cardinals: Khalil Greene, Julio Lugo and Jason LaRue Watch >

• A.J. Burnett, Yankees, June 20, 2009
Third inning vs. the Marlins: Josh Johnson, Chris Coghlan and Emilio Bonifacio Watch >

• Felix Hernandez, Mariners, June 17, 2008
Fourth inning vs. the Marlins: Jeremy Hermida, Jorge Cantu and Mike Jacobs Watch >

• Rich Harden, Athletics, June 8, 2008
First inning vs. the Angels: Maicer Izturis, Howie Kendrick and Garret Anderson Watch >

• Buddy Carlyle, Braves, July 6, 2007
Fourth inning vs. the Padres: Khalil Greene, Russell Branyan and Jose Cruz Jr. Watch >

• Rick Helling, Brewers, June 20, 2006
First inning vs. the Tigers: Curtis Granderson, Placido Polanco and Ivan Rodriguez Watch >

• LaTroy Hawkins, Cubs, Sept. 11, 2004
Ninth inning vs. the Marlins: Jeff Conine, Juan Encarnacion and Alex Gonzalez Watch >

• Ben Sheets, Brewers, June 13, 2004
Third inning vs. the Astros: Pete Munro, Craig Biggio and Jose Vizcaino Watch >

• Brandon Backe, Astros, April 15, 2004
Eighth inning vs. the Brewers: Bill Hall, Scott Podsednik and Craig Counsell Watch >

• Brian Lawrence, Padres, June 12, 2002
Third inning vs. the Orioles: Brook Fordyce, Jerry Hairston Jr. and Melvin Mora Watch >

• Pedro Martinez, Red Sox, May 18, 2002
First inning vs. the Mariners: Ichiro Suzuki, Mark McLemore and Ruben Sierra Watch >

• Byung-Hyun Kim, D-backs, May 11, 2002
Eighth inning vs. the Phillies: Scott Rolen, Mike Lieberthal and Pat Burrell Watch >

• Jason Isringhausen, Cardinals, April 13, 2002
Ninth inning vs. the Astros: Daryle Ward, Jose Vizcaino and Julio Lugo Watch >

• Randy Johnson, D-backs, Aug. 23, 2001
Sixth inning vs. the Pirates: Tony McKnight, Gary Matthews Jr. and Jack Wilson Watch >

• Ugueth Urbina, Expos, April 4, 2000
Ninth inning vs the Dodgers: Dodgers' F.P. Santangelo, Devon White and Mark Grudzielanek* Watch >

• B.J. Ryan, Orioles, Sept. 5, 1999
Sixth inning vs. the Indians: Manny Ramirez, Jim Thome and Richie Sexson

• Shane Reynolds, Astros, July 15, 1999
First inning vs. the Tigers: Juan Encarnacion, Brad Ausmus and Bobby Higginson

• Jesus Sanchez, Marlins, Sept. 13, 1998
Third inning vs. the Braves: Tony Graffanino, Greg Maddux and Walt Weiss Watch >

• Randy Johnson, Astros, Sept. 2, 1998
Sixth inning vs. the Braves: Javy Lopez, Andruw Jones and Greg Colbrunn

• Orel Hershiser, Giants, June 16, 1998
Fourth inning vs. the Rockies: Ellis Burks, Vinny Castilla and Todd Helton

• Mike Mussina, Orioles, May 9, 1998
Ninth inning vs. the Devil Rays: Fred McGriff, Paul Sorrento and Rich Butler

• Jimmy Key, Orioles, April 14, 1998
Second inning vs. the White Sox: Robin Ventura, Magglio Ordonez and Ray Durham

• Doug Jones, Brewers, Sept. 23, 1997
Ninth inning vs. the Royals: Johnny Damon, Scott Cooper and Rod Myers

• Roger Clemens, Blue Jays, Sept. 18, 1997
First inning vs. the Red Sox: Nomar Garciaparra, John Valentin and Mo Vaughn

• Mike Magnante, Astros, Aug. 22, 1997
Ninth inning vs. the Rockies: Ellis Burks, Harvey Pulliam and Jeff Reed

• Todd Worrell, Dodgers, Aug. 13, 1995
Ninth inning vs. the Pirates: Mark Johnson, Angelo Encarnacion and Steve Pegues

• Stan Belinda, Royals, Aug. 6, 1994
Ninth inning vs. the Mariners: Eric Anthony, Chris Howard and Luis Sojo

• Mel Rojas, Expos, May 11, 1994
Ninth inning vs. the Mets: David Segui, Todd Hundley and Jeff McKnight

• Trevor Wilson, Giants, June 7, 1992
Ninth inning vs. the Astros: Jeff Bagwell, Eric Anthony and Rafael Ramirez

• Pete Harnisch, Astros, Sept. 6, 1991
Seventh inning vs. the Phillies: Wes Chamberlain, Dickie Thon and Jose DeJesus

• David Cone, Mets, Aug. 30, 1991
Fifth inning vs. the Reds: Herm Winningham, Randy Myers and Mariano Duncan Watch >

• Andy Ashby, Phillies, June 15, 1991
Fourth inning vs. the Reds: Hal Morris, Todd Benzinger and Jeff Reed

• Jeff Montgomery, Royals, April 29, 1990
Eighth inning vs. the Rangers: Pete Incaviglia, Geno Petralli and Thad Bosley

• Rob Dibble, Reds, June 4, 1989
Eighth inning vs. the Padres: Carmelo Martinez, Mark Parent and Garry Templeton

• Jeff Robinson, Pirates, Sept. 7, 1987
Eighth inning vs. the Cubs: Leon Durham, Andre Dawson and Rafael Palmeiro

• Danny Jackson, Royals, Oct. 24, 1985
Seventh inning vs. the Cardinals: Terry Pendleton, Tom Nieto and Brian Harper Watch >

• Ron Guidry, Yankees, Aug. 7, 1984
Ninth inning vs. the White Sox: Carlton Fisk, Tom Paciorek and Greg Luzinski

• Joey McLaughlin, Braves, Sept. 11, 1979
Seventh inning vs. the Giants: Larry Herndon, Greg Johnston and Johnnie LeMaster

• Lynn McGlothen, Cubs, Aug. 25, 1979
Third inning vs. the Giants: Larry Herndon, Joe Strain and Jack Clark

• Pedro Borbon, Reds, June 23, 1979
Ninth inning vs. the Giants: Mike Sadek, Gary Lavelle and Billy North

• Bruce Sutter, Cubs, Sept. 8, 1977
Ninth inning vs. the Expos: Ellis Valentine, Gary Carter and Larry Parrish

• Nolan Ryan, Angels, July 9, 1972
Second inning vs. the Red Sox: Carlton Fisk, Bob Burda and Juan Beniquez

• Milt Pappas, Cubs, Sept. 24, 1971
Fourth inning vs. the Phillies: Greg Luzinski, Don Money and Mike Anderson

• John Strohmayer, Expos, July 10, 1971
Fifth inning vs. the Phillies: Mike Ryan, Woodie Fryman and Denny Doyle

• Bill Wilson, Phillies, July 6, 1971
Eighth inning vs. the Braves: Darrell Evans, Hal King and Earl Williams

• Bob Gibson, Cardinals, May 12, 1969
Seventh inning vs. the Dodgers: Len Gabrielson, Paul Popovich and John Miller

• Nolan Ryan, Mets, April 19, 1968
Third inning vs. the Dodgers: Claude Osteen, Wes Parker and Zoilo Versalles

• Al Downing, Yankees, Aug. 11, 1967
Second inning vs. the Indians: Tony Horton, Don Demeter and Duke Sims

• Bob Bruce, Colt .45s, April 19, 1964
Eighth inning vs. the Cardinals: Bill White, Charlie James and Ken Boyer

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, April 18, 1964
Third inning vs. the Reds: Leo Cardenas, Johnny Edwards and Jim Maloney

• Tony Cloninger, Braves, June 15, 1963
Eighth inning vs. the Phillies: Tony Gonzalez, Clay Dalrymple and Ruben Amaro

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, April 19, 1963
Fifth inning vs. the Colt .45s: Bob Aspromonte, Jim Campbell and Turk Farrell

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, June 30, 1962
First inning vs. the Mets: Richie Ashburn, Rod Kanehl and Felix Mantilla

• Jim Bunning, Tigers, Aug. 2, 1959
Ninth inning vs. the Red Sox: Sammy White, Jim Mahoney and Ike Delock

• Robin Roberts, Phillies, April 17, 1956
Sixth inning vs. the Dodgers: Carl Furillo, Charlie Neal and Sandy Amoros

• Billy Hoeft, Tigers, Sept. 7, 1953
Seventh inning vs. the White Sox: Jim Rivera, Mike Fornieles and Chico Carrasquel

• Lefty Grove, Athletics, Sept. 27, 1928
Seventh inning vs. the White Sox: Moe Berg, Tommy Thomas and Johnny Mostil

• Lefty Grove, Athletics, Aug. 23, 1928
Second inning vs. the Indians: Ed Morgan, Luther Harvel and Martin Autry

• Dazzy Vance, Dodgers, Sept. 14, 1924
Second inning vs. the Cubs: Sam Bohne, Bubbles Hargrave and Eppa Rixey

• Sloppy Thurston, White Sox, Aug. 22, 1923
Twelfth inning vs. the Athletics: Beauty McGowan, Chick Galloway and Sammy Hale

• Joe Oeschger, Braves, Sept. 8, 1921
Fourth inning vs. the Phillies: Bevo LeBourveau, Cy Williams and Ed Konetchy

• Pat Ragan, Dodgers, Oct. 5, 1914
Eighth inning vs. the Braves: Possum Whitted, Butch Schmidt and Red Smith

• Rube Waddell, Athletics, July 1, 1902
Third inning vs. the Orioles: Billy Gilbert, Harry Howell and John Cronin

• John Clarkson, Beaneaters, June 4, 1889
Third inning vs. the Quakers: Jim Fogarty, Sam Thompson and Sid Farrar

* Urbina is often listed as having completed an immaculate inning, but video of his outing shows that he threw a ball on a 0-2 count to the first batter he faced.

Ed Eagle is an editorial producer for

MLB's best seasons by teenagers

Young stars made an impact from the start

One of the most exciting parts of Major League Baseball is when an up-and-coming young player takes the big leagues by storm.

The latest is Juan Soto, who, at 19 years old, is the youngest player in MLB. Soto skyrocketed through the Nationals' system, beginning the season at Class A and mashing his way to three promotions in a month, culminating with his arrival in Washington. On Tuesday, he continued to ascend the record books, hitting his 14th homer of the season and moving past Mickey Mantle into a tie with Phil Cavarretta for the fifth most by a teenager in MLB history.

One of the most exciting parts of Major League Baseball is when an up-and-coming young player takes the big leagues by storm.

The latest is Juan Soto, who, at 19 years old, is the youngest player in MLB. Soto skyrocketed through the Nationals' system, beginning the season at Class A and mashing his way to three promotions in a month, culminating with his arrival in Washington. On Tuesday, he continued to ascend the record books, hitting his 14th homer of the season and moving past Mickey Mantle into a tie with Phil Cavarretta for the fifth most by a teenager in MLB history.

The game today is full of bright young talents, and many of MLB's current superstars ascended to the pinnacle of the sport at a young age. But some got their start even earlier than most ... even before turning 20 years old, like Soto. is looking back at some of the most impressive teen campaigns -- from Bryce Harper to Ken Griffey Jr. to Dwight Gooden to Bob Feller to Ty Cobb.

Here are 20 of the best seasons ever by teenagers -- 10 hitters and 10 pitchers. The players are listed in order of their Wins Above Replacement for the season, using Baseball Reference's version.


Bryce Harper, Nationals
Year: 2012. Age: 19
Wins Above Replacement: 5.2

Video: Must C Classic: Harper hits first postseason homer

Even when he was in high school, Harper was being touted as the next huge MLB superstar. He's become exactly that. It all started with his rookie campaign with the Nationals in 2012, when he hit .270/.340/.477 over 139 games with 22 home runs, 59 RBIs and 18 stolen bases. He finished the season with a 5.2 WAR, the most in the modern era for a teenage position player, and his 57 extra-base hits are the most in a teenage season in the modern era. Bryce was named a National League All-Star and the Rookie of the Year, he hit his first postseason home run that year -- and he's gone on to even bigger and better things.

Video: looks over Harper's award-winning season

Mel Ott, Giants
Year: 1928. Age: 19
WAR: 3.9

Ott's Hall of Fame career started in 1926 at age 17, but his breakout effort came two years later at the ripe young age of 19. In 124 games for the New York Giants, Ott batted .322/.397/.524 with 18 home runs and 77 RBIs. Ott emerged as the Giants' primary right fielder and a force in the heart of their batting order, primarily hitting third or cleanup for a 93-61 Giants club that finished as the runners-up to the Cardinals in the NL.

Ken Griffey Jr., Mariners
Year: 1989. Age: 19
WAR: 3.3

Video: CWS@SEA: Ken Griffey Jr. hits his first MLB home run

The Kid was, well, a kid when he introduced the baseball world to one of the sweetest swings of all time, ripping a double in his first Major League at-bat. Griffey hit 16 home runs, drove in 61 runs and stole 16 bases for the Mariners in his debut 1989 season, hitting .264/.329/.420 in his 127 games. The Seattle icon and Hall of Famer finished third in the American League Rookie of the Year voting, but his true emergence as a star would begin the following season.

Edgar Renteria, Marlins
Year: 1996. Age: 19
WAR: 3.2 

The Marlins were only in their fourth season as a Major League franchise when Renteria made his big league debut as a 19-year-old in May of 1996. The young shortstop would become a key part of the Marlins' rapid ascendance to shock-the-world World Series champs in 1997. Renteria finished second in NL Rookie of the Year voting in 1996. He hit .309/.358/.399 with five homers, 31 RBIs and 16 steals in 106 games while playing a premium defensive position. The next year, he would line the walk-off hit in Game 7 of the World Series.

Video: '97 WS, Gm 7: Renteria wins it for Fish

Ty Cobb, Tigers
Year: 1906. Age: 19
WAR: 2.5

The baseball legend showed the first inklings of the Hall of Fame career that was to come as a 19-year-old in 1906. Cobb had debuted with the Tigers the year before and played just 41 games; as an MLB sophomore, he upped that total to 98 games and hit .316/.355/.394 with a home run (it was the dead-ball era, after all), 41 RBIs and 23 stolen bases. The next year, he was a superstar, winning his first batting title, leading the Majors with 212 hits and 119 RBIs and leading the AL with 53 steals while helping turn Detroit from a sixth-place team into pennant-winners.

Buddy Lewis, Senators
Year: 1936. Age: 19
WAR: 2.1

Lewis turned in a more-than-solid 1936 campaign for the Senators at age 19. The third baseman provided stability out of the No. 2 spot in the order for Washington all season, hitting .291/.347/.399 with six home runs and 67 RBIs in 143 games. His 175 hits in 1936 are the highest single-season total for a teenager in the modern era, as are his 13 triples and 100 runs scored. Lewis would go on to become a two-time All-Star for the Senators, first in 1938, and then again in 1947 after returning from military service in World War II.

Travis Jackson, Giants
Year: 1923. Age: 19
WAR: 2.1

Jackson, who was elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1982, was a defensive star at shortstop for the Giants teams of the 1920s and '30s. His first extended stint in the big leagues came at age 19 in 1923, when he played 96 games, hit .275/.321/.391 with four homers and 37 RBIs, and most importantly excelled in the field at short and third base. He wasn't yet the team's anchor in the middle infield, but he was a contributor to the New York club that won the NL pennant.

Cesar Cedeno, Astros
Year: 1970. Age: 19
WAR: 1.8

One of the earliest great Dominican-born players after Felipe Alou and Juan Marichal, the four-time All-Star and five-time Gold Glove center fielder got his start as a teenager for the Astros in 1970. He made his MLB debut in June and was impressive from the start. Cedeno played 90 games for Houston, hitting .310/.340/.451 with seven home runs, 42 RBIs and 17 stolen bases. He finished fourth in NL Rookie of the Year voting, and starting the next season, became a regular in the heart of the Astros' lineup.

Manny Machado, Orioles
Year: 2012. Age: 19
WAR: 1.6

Video: KC@BAL: Machado blasts the first homer of his career

Harper wasn't the only superstar to debut as a 19-year-old in 2012. Over in the American League, Machado was getting his first taste of Major League action in Baltimore. He wasn't the offensive force he is now out of the gate -- Machado hit .262/.294/.445 with seven homers and 26 RBIs in 51 games as a rookie -- but he was a game-changer defensively at third base right from the start. He's since made three All-Star teams, won two Gold Gloves and finished in the top five of AL MVP voting twice.

Tony Conigliaro, Red Sox
Year: 1964. Age: 19
WAR: 1.6

Video: CWS@BOS: Conigliaro homers in first Fenway at-bat

Conigliaro has one of baseball's sadder stories, as his promising career was derailed after he suffered a serious eye injury when he was hit in the face by a pitch on Aug. 18, 1967. In his first few seasons, the Red Sox outfielder looked like a budding star. He hit his first Major League home run in his first at-bat at Fenway Park, and as a rookie in 1964, he hit .290/.354/.530 with 24 home runs and 52 RBIs in 111 games. Those 24 homers are the modern-era record for a teenager in a season. The next year, as a 20-year-old, Conigliaro hit 32 homers to lead the league, making him the youngest home run champion in AL history.

Honorable mention

Mickey Mantle, Yankees
Year: 1951. Age: 19
WAR: 1.5

Video: BAL@NYY: Mickey Mantle hits his 500th home run

Mantle started his legendary Yankees career as a 19-year-old in 1951. He made his first start on Opening Day, batting third for New York against the Red Sox, and recorded his first hit with an RBI single. He was sent to the Minors after a slump, but made it back to the big leagues and finished the year with a .267/.349/.443 slash line, adding 13 home runs and 65 RBIs. He got limited action in the World Series -- which the Yankees won, beating the Giants -- but of course, The Mick went on to plenty of success in his Hall of Fame career, one of the greatest of all time.


Gary Nolan, Reds
Year: 1967. Age: 19
WAR: 6.3

A Reds Hall of Famer, Nolan had a superb first big league season, and it was all the more remarkable considering his young age. When he made his MLB debut on April 15, 1967 -- which he won -- he hadn't even turned 19 yet. The right-hander finished his rookie year 14-8 with a 2.58 ERA in 33 games, striking out 206 batters in 226 2/3 innings and throwing five shutouts. He ranked fourth in the NL in ERA and strikeouts, and finished third in Rookie of the Year voting (Tom Seaver won). Arm trouble would shorten Nolan's career, but he was an All-Star in 1972, and won the clinching Game 4 of the 1976 World Series against the Yankees.

Dwight Gooden, Mets
Year: 1984. Age: 19
WAR: 5.5

Video: 1984 ASG: Dwight Gooden strikes out the side

Doc's legendary 1985 campaign as a 20-year-old is one of the most dominant seasons in MLB history, and he was the ace of the 1986 World Series champion Mets -- but before all that, he burst onto the scene with a brilliant rookie year at age 19 in 1984. Gooden went 17-9 with a 2.60 ERA and a Major League-best 276 strikeouts, pitching 218 innings over 31 starts. He was an All-Star (and struck out the side in his appearance in the Midsummer Classic), a runaway NL Rookie of the Year and the runner-up for the Cy Young (to Rick Sutcliffe). His 276 strikeouts are a modern-era rookie record to this day. No wonder they called him Dr. K.

Bob Feller, Indians
Year: 1938. Age: 19
WAR: 5.1

Feller actually played three seasons as a teenager, beginning his Major League career as a 17-year-old in 1936. But his age-19 season was the best of the three. In fact, it was his breakout year. The Hall of Famer went 17-11 with a 4.08 ERA in 39 games (36 starts) for the Indians, throwing 277 2/3 innings -- a modern-era record for a teenager -- and striking out a Major League-leading 240 batters. He made his first career All-Star team.

Chief Bender, Athletics
Year: 1903. Age: 19
WAR: 4.3

Another Hall of Famer on the list, Bender made his Major League debut just before his 19th birthday in 1903. He went 17-14 with a 3.07 ERA and 127 strikeouts for the Philadelphia Athletics as a rookie, throwing 270 innings over 36 games, 33 of them starts. Bender was the third pitcher in the A's rotation that year, behind a pair of fellow Hall of Famers, Eddie Plank and Rube Waddell. Bender would eventually become the team's ace and help the A's win three World Series during his career.

Rube Bressler, Athletics
Year: 1914. Age: 19
WAR: 3.5

Bressler is something of an interesting figure. He started his career as a pitcher in the later years of the dead-ball era (pre-1920), but converted into an outfielder and first baseman during the live-ball era. As a 19-year-old in his first season, the young left-hander went 10-4 with a sparkling 1.77 ERA and 96 strikeouts in 147 2/3 innings. He was mainly used as a reliever, pitching 29 games but starting just 10. It would end up his best season on the mound.

Wally Bunker, Orioles
Year: 1964. Age: 19
WAR: 3.4

After a one game cup of coffee as an 18-year-old in 1963, Bunker jumped into the Baltimore rotation in 1964 and had himself a great year. He led the American League with a .792 winning percentage, going 19-5 in his 29 starts, with an excellent 2.69 ERA in 214 innings. He was the first teenage pitcher in the divisional era to eclipse the 200-inning mark in a season. Bunker pitched 12 complete games for the O's, including one shutout, and was the AL Rookie of the Year runner-up to Tony Oliva. He even received some MVP votes.

Bob Feller, Indians
Year: 1937. Age: 18
WAR: 3.4

Here's another one of Feller's teenage years -- he was good enough as a teenager to qualify for this list twice. Feller's age-19 season in 1938 was his breakout, but he had a solid year in 1937, too, even though he was only 18 years old. Feller pitched 26 total games and made 19 starts for the Tribe that season, going 9-7 with a 3.39 ERA and 150 strikeouts in 148 2/3 innings.

Larry Dierker, Astros
Year: 1966. Age: 19
WAR: 3.3

Long before he was the NL Manager of the Year for the 1998 Astros, Dierker was toeing the rubber for Houston as a teenager in the 1960s. His MLB debut was on his 18th birthday in 1964, but his best teenage season came two years after that in his age-19 season in 1966. That was his first year as a full-time starter -- Dierker made 28 starts for the Astros, going 10-8 with a 3.18 ERA and 108 strikeouts in 187 innings.

Smoky Joe Wood, Red Sox
Year: 1909. Age: 19
WAR: 2.9

The dead-ball-era Red Sox hurler got his first extended stint in the Major Leagues as a 19-year-old in 1909, when he pitched in 24 games for Boston, making 19 starts. Wood went 11-7 with a 2.18 ERA that season, throwing four shutouts and striking out 88 batters in 160 2/3 innings. His best season would come a few years later in 1912, when he had a Major League-best 34-5 record, throwing 35 complete games and 10 shutouts as he led the Red Sox to a World Series championship over the Giants.

Felix Hernandez, Mariners
Year: 2005. Age: 19
WAR: 2.8

Video: SEA@DET: Felix makes his MLB debut, fanning four

After being named the Mariners' Minor League Pitcher of the Year in 2004 and pitching in the All-Star Futures Game, Hernandez earned his first Major League callup in August of 2005. When he made his MLB debut on Aug. 4 at 19 years, 118 days old, he became the youngest pitcher to appear in a big league game since Jose Rijo in 1984. King Felix made 12 starts down the stretch as a rookie, showing flashes of the talent that would make him one of the top pitchers in the American League in the seasons to come. Hernandez had a 2.67 ERA in those first 12 career starts, and he struck out 77 batters in 84 1/3 innings.

Honorable mention

Walter Johnson, Senators
Year: 1907. Age: 19
WAR: 2.7

The Big Train got his start in the big leagues a few months shy of his 20th birthday. Over the next two decades, he would build the Hall of Fame legacy that made him a baseball legend. But as a 19-year-old rookie, Johnson pitched only 14 games (12 of them starts) for the 1907 Senators. He went 5-9, but his record belied how well he pitched. Johnson had a 1.88 ERA in those 14 games, which included the first two of his all-time record 110 shutouts, and he recorded 71 strikeouts in his 110 1/3 innings on the mound.

David Adler is a reporter for based in New York. Follow him on Twitter at @_dadler.