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Ozuna's breakout season predicted by solid 2015 finish

Marlins slugger's 3.4 WAR tied for best in National League
MLB.com @mike_petriello

If Marcell Ozuna's breakout season seems like an out-of-nowhere fluke, think again: This wasn't terribly difficult to see coming. We told you about it in these pages right here, last November, shortly after we'd named Ozuna as one of the inaugural Statcast™ "five-tool players."

OK, we'll grant that maybe this level of dominance is a bit more than we could have expected. By FanGraphs Wins Above Replacement, Ozuna is tied with Nolan Arenado (and, really, also Corey Seager and Kris Bryant, because tenths of a point of partial-season WAR aren't really significant) for the most valuable position player in the National League. Using park-adjusted offensive stats, Ozuna's .322/.373/.578 makes him one of the dozen best hitters in the game, as effective as Mike Trout or Paul Goldschmidt.

If Marcell Ozuna's breakout season seems like an out-of-nowhere fluke, think again: This wasn't terribly difficult to see coming. We told you about it in these pages right here, last November, shortly after we'd named Ozuna as one of the inaugural Statcast™ "five-tool players."

OK, we'll grant that maybe this level of dominance is a bit more than we could have expected. By FanGraphs Wins Above Replacement, Ozuna is tied with Nolan Arenado (and, really, also Corey Seager and Kris Bryant, because tenths of a point of partial-season WAR aren't really significant) for the most valuable position player in the National League. Using park-adjusted offensive stats, Ozuna's .322/.373/.578 makes him one of the dozen best hitters in the game, as effective as Mike Trout or Paul Goldschmidt.

• Cast your Esurance All-Star ballot for Ozuna and other #ASGWorthy players

Ozuna has been so good that, along with Christian Yelich and Ichiro Suzuki, the Marlins' outfield has been baseball's best -- and while they've been in that conversation for a few years, realize that such a statement sounds a lot more impressive when you realize how deep of a slump Giancarlo Stanton has been stuck in for weeks. He's been so good that he earned a spot in the Statcast™ Podcast's National League All-Star starting lineup:

Tweet from @Statcast™: New #Statcast™ podcast!@Mike_petriello and @mtmeyers choose their ideal #ASG squads. https://t.co/di5y5BHZMM pic.twitter.com/3A9UERljvt

Yet it's unavoidable to think back to last summer, when a struggling Ozuna had lost his job and was sent down to Triple-A in early July. All offseason, we heard rumors that Ozuna was on the trading block, though obviously no deal was completed. How did he go from that to this?

As we noted last fall, Ozuna hits the ball hard, and that's a big deal. Of the 372 players who had at least 100 batted balls in 2015, Ozuna's exit velocity was in the top five percent. But he was the only one of the top 20 players to turn those hard-hit balls into below-average production, measured by the advanced stat Weighted Runs Created Plus, which adjusts for ballpark and sets 100 as league average: 

Tweet from @mike_petriello: M.Ozuna hit the ball harder than 95% of MLB, but had below-avg wRC+. Why that won't last: https://t.co/OOr11eg0xR pic.twitter.com/3IITeACnpR

Needless to say, it's very difficult to hit the ball that hard and not succeed, unless you're striking out a ton and not making contact at all -- which was not Ozuna's problem. What was his problem was that he was hitting those hard-hit balls into the ground, at least before he was demoted. Ozuna's grounder rate was over 55 percent before his trip to the Minors and 39 percent after he returned.

Ozuna has actually improved his contact skills, striking out 20 percent of the time as compared to last year's 22 percent of the time, and while he's not hitting the ball harder -- still equally as hard -- he's maintained his ability to keep the ball off the ground and in the "line drive zone."

Consider this: Last year, Ozuna hit 38 percent of his batted balls at 10 degrees launch angle or higher, which is the rough dividing line between a grounder or a line drive. This year, that's over 47 percent. That's a big deal; over the past two years, he's slugged .905 on balls at 10 degrees or higher, and slugged .410 on balls hit nine degrees or lower. (Which stands for most hitters, since it's very hard to hit ground ball home runs.) So he's hitting a higher percentage of his batted balls at an angle that's more conducive to power, which is great, and since he's striking out slightly less, there are more of those batted balls to begin with.

Gif: Marcell Ozuna Home Run

From there, the equation is easy. Similar velocity that's not being hit into the ground adds distance. In Ozuna's case, he's added nearly 35 feet on his average batted ball, and that's among the best in baseball:

Most average batted ball distance added, in feet, 2015-16

1. Adam Rosales 36.1
2. Leonys Martin 34.3
3. Ozuna, 34.1
4. Bobby Wilson 33.6
5. Salvador Perez 30.9
Minimum 50 balls in play, both seasons

That list makes sense -- in addition to Ozuna, Perez is having by far his best year, and Martin has already more than doubled last year's homer total in more than 100 fewer plate apperances. But remember, we're trying to explain why Ozuna's good season was foreseeable, so it's not even about 2015 vs. '16. It's about pre- and post-demotion 2015 vs. '16. Before he was sent down, he really was struggling, hitting the ball an average of 188.7 feet, and hitting just 35.7 percent of his balls above 10 degrees. After Ozuna returned, that jumped to 219.5 feet, and 42.8 percent of batted balls over 10 degrees.

Obviously, Ozuna has taken another step forward this year, and with a new coaching staff including hitting legends Don Mattingly and Barry Bonds around, it's easy to point to their influence. It doesn't say here that they haven't helped Ozuna, who appears to have worked well with Bonds. But it does say here that this didn't come out of nowhere, not entirely. Ozuna had a good season in 2014, and a good recovery late in '15. Hitting the ball hard tends to lead to good things. So far for Ozuna, it's led to great things.

Mike Petriello is an analyst for MLB.com and the host of the Statcast podcast. He has previously written for ESPN Insider and FanGraphs.

This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.

Miami Marlins, Marcell Ozuna