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History provides precedent for MVP trades

Stanton could become latest to be dealt soon after winning the award
MLB.com

Last month, Giancarlo Stanton became the first Marlins player to take home an MVP Award. He could soon be just the second player since the Baseball Writers' Association of America began handing out MVP Awards in 1931 to be traded during the offseason after being honored (Alex Rodriguez, 2004).

The Yankees acquired the slugging outfielder from the Marlins on Saturday, pending Stanton's consent and the Yankees' approval of his physical. The Marlins are in the midst of launching a grand rebuilding project by dealing a player who slammed 59 home runs and slugged .631 last season. Meanwhile, Toronto's Josh Donaldson (2015 American League MVP Award winner) and Pittsburgh's Andrew McCutchen ('13 National League MVP Award winner) also are part of the rumor mill entering their final seasons before free agency.

Last month, Giancarlo Stanton became the first Marlins player to take home an MVP Award. He could soon be just the second player since the Baseball Writers' Association of America began handing out MVP Awards in 1931 to be traded during the offseason after being honored (Alex Rodriguez, 2004).

The Yankees acquired the slugging outfielder from the Marlins on Saturday, pending Stanton's consent and the Yankees' approval of his physical. The Marlins are in the midst of launching a grand rebuilding project by dealing a player who slammed 59 home runs and slugged .631 last season. Meanwhile, Toronto's Josh Donaldson (2015 American League MVP Award winner) and Pittsburgh's Andrew McCutchen ('13 National League MVP Award winner) also are part of the rumor mill entering their final seasons before free agency.

Though A-Rod now has company following Stanton's move to the Bronx in such short order after taking home the MVP hardware, there is significantly greater precedent for an MVP to be dealt at a later date.

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In fact, on Aug. 31, the Astros made the momentous move to acquire 2011 AL MVP Justin Verlander from the Tigers, helping to spur their World Series championship run.

Here is a look at 10 of the notable MVPs who have been traded within four years of winning the award:

Alex Rodriguez
American League MVP in 2003 for Rangers
Traded to Yankees on Feb. 16, 2004
Why the trade happened: Three years after signing Rodriguez to a record-smashing 10-year, $252 million contract, the Rangers got salary relief at the expense of a player who already had produced 25.5 wins above replacement for them and was still only 28. The biggest piece they got in return, Alfonso Soriano, provided two good but unspectacular seasons before he was dealt to Washington.
After the trade: Before opting out of his contract and re-signing with the Yankees at the end of 2007, A-Rod won two more MVP Awards and twice led the AL in homers and OPS.

Video: KC@NYY: A-Rod hits his 500th career home run

Ken Griffey Jr.
AL MVP in 1997 for Mariners
Traded to Reds on Feb. 10, 2000
Why the trade happened: Seattle was in a tough spot, as Griffey had requested a trade and had just one season left on his contract. Still, the club did well with a four-player package highlighted by fellow center fielder Mike Cameron, whose 18.3 WAR over four years with the Mariners more than doubled Griffey's output during the same stretch.
After the trade: Griffey, who signed a new deal after the trade, was terrific in 2000 but averaged only 79 games over the following four seasons as injuries plagued him. Cincinnati never made the postseason in his nine years there.

Rickey Henderson
AL MVP in 1990 for A's
Traded to Blue Jays on July 31, 1993
Why the trade happened: A pending free agent on an Oakland club headed for 94 losses, Henderson was moved at the Trade Deadline. The A's got a pair of prospects, including 21-year-old right-hander Steve Karsay, a first-round pick who went on to make 36 starts for the club over the next four years.
After the trade: The 34-year-old Henderson was having a huge year in Oakland but struggled in Toronto, aside from stealing 22 bases. Still, the Jays won the World Series -- with Henderson on base for Joe Carter's walk-off homer -- before Henderson re-signed with the A's as a free agent.

Video: Greatest World Series Moments: No. 4

Kevin Mitchell
NL MVP in 1989 for Giants
Traded to Mariners on Dec. 11, 1991
Why the trade happened: In exchange for Mitchell and pitcher Mike Remlinger, the Giants got three pitchers. The haul included a solid reliever (Michael Jackson) and a starter (Bill Swift) who led the NL with a 2.08 ERA in 1992 and finished second in the Cy Young Award voting the next year.
After the trade: Injuries limited Mitchell to 99 games and nine homers in 1992 before the Mariners traded him again, with two years left on his contract. Their return, reliever Norm Charlton, enjoyed a strong '93 campaign before reaching free agency.

Jose Canseco
AL MVP in 1988 for A's
Traded to Rangers on Aug. 31, 1992
Why the trade happened: The first-place A's wanted to save money and bolster their pitching staff when they dealt Canseco, a big piece of their lineup who was signed through 1995. All three players who came to Oakland (reliever Jeff Russell, starter Bobby Witt, outfielder Ruben Sierra) contributed down the stretch for a club that went on to lose in the AL Championship Series, but none made a big long-term impact.
After the trade: Canseco played 193 games for Texas before he was traded to the Red Sox after the 1994 season, providing 45 homers, 3.7 WAR and one of the most memorable bloopers of all time.

Video: TEX@CLE: Martinez's homer aided by Canseco's head

Keith Hernandez
NL MVP in 1979 for Cardinals
Traded to Mets on June 15, 1983
Why the trade happened: Less than a year after Hernandez helped them to a championship, the Cardinals shipped him to the lowly Mets, apparently due to off-field issues and clashes with manager Whitey Herzog. Pitchers Neil Allen and Rick Ownbey didn't provide much in return, although St. Louis was back in the World Series by 1985.
After the trade: Landing Hernandez was an enormous boon to the Mets. From 1984-88, he made three All-Star teams, won a Gold Glove Award each year, batted over .300 and brought a championship in '86.

Rod Carew
AL MVP in 1977 for Twins
Traded to Angels on Feb. 3, 1979
Why the trade happened: In 1978, Carew hit .333 to win his seventh batting title in 10 years, but the Twins finished third or lower in the AL West for the eighth straight season. With one year left before Carew would reach free agency, Minnesota exchanged him for four players (Dave Engle, Paul Hartzell, Brad Havens and Ken Landreaux), none of whom produced as much as 4.0 WAR for the club.
After the trade: Though he wasn't quite the same player in Anaheim, Carew still batted .324 with a 126 OPS+ over his first five seasons there, as the Halos twice made the postseason. Carew finished his career with the club in 1985, when he notched his 3,000th hit -- against the Twins.

Video: MIN@LAA: Carew collects his 3,000th career hit

Reggie Jackson
AL MVP in 1973 for A's
Traded to Orioles on April 2, 1976
Why the trade happened: The A's knew that Jackson, coming off his second home run title in three years, would test free agency after the 1976 campaign. So just before it began, they dealt him and pitcher Ken Holtzman for three players (Don Baylor, Paul Mitchell and Mike Torrez), none of whom remained with the club beyond '77. However, Torrez did have a strong '76, posting a 2.50 ERA over 39 starts.
After the trade: Jackson did indeed give free agency a shot and signed with the Yankees, although in his one season in Baltimore, he led the AL in slugging (.502) and OPS+ (155) for an 88-win team that finished in second place.

Orlando Cepeda
NL MVP in 1967 for Cardinals
Traded to Braves on March 17, 1969
Why the trade happened: Cepeda's numbers plummeted in 1968, and St. Louis swapped him for Joe Torre, who proceeded to put together six good seasons there (22.4 WAR). Coincidentally, Torre took NL MVP honors in '71, three years before he also was traded, to the Mets.
After the trade: The Braves got two good years from Cepeda, in which he hit 56 homers with 199 RBIs and a 123 OPS+. But a knee injury struck in 1971, and a year later, Cepeda was traded to Oakland.

Frank Robinson
NL MVP in 1961 for Reds
Traded to Orioles on Dec. 9, 1965
Why the trade happened: Robinson's performance from 1963-65, while still quite good, was a step down from '60-'62, when he led the NL in OPS+ all three years (169 overall). Believing that the 30-year-old was declining, Cincinnati traded him for three players. The highlight was pitcher Milt Pappas, who started 64 games with a 101 ERA+ in the next two seasons.
After the trade: Robinson was far from over the hill. He won the Triple Crown in 1966 (.316, 49 homers, 122 RBIs) and became the first player to be named MVP in both leagues. While the Reds were under .500, the Orioles won their first World Series, and Robinson was named MVP of that as well. After five more strong seasons in Baltimore, he was traded to the Dodgers.

Video: DET@BAL: Frank Robinson hits 500th home run

Andrew Simon is a research analyst for MLB.com. Follow him on Twitter @AndrewSimonMLB.

This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.

New York Yankees, Giancarlo Stanton