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Immaculate innings: 3 strikeouts on 9 pitches

September 11, 2019

Three up, three down, with all three batters struck out on three pitches each. While the "Immaculate Inning" isn't nearly as rare as it once was -- there were none from 1929-52 and eight alone in 2017 -- any pitcher who can plow through a big league lineup on nine

Three up, three down, with all three batters struck out on three pitches each.

While the "Immaculate Inning" isn't nearly as rare as it once was -- there were none from 1929-52 and eight alone in 2017 -- any pitcher who can plow through a big league lineup on nine straight strikes deserves a special place in the record book.

"I've been pitching seven or eight years, and I just [didn't] know what [an immaculate inning] is," Dodgers closer Kenley Jansen said after tossing one in 2017. "But now I know, and it's awesome."

Here are the pitchers who have accomplished the impressive feat:

• Chris Martin, Braves, Sept. 11, 2019

Seventh inning vs. Phillies: Cesar Hernandez, Jay Bruce and Logan Morrison Watch >

• Kevin Gausman, Reds, Aug. 18, 2019

Ninth inning vs. Cardinals: Yairo Munoz, Dexter Fowler and Tommy Edman Watch >

• Stephen Strasburg, Nationals, July 3, 2019

Fourth inning vs. Marlins: Garrett Cooper, Neil Walker and Starlin Castro Watch >

Chris Sale, Red Sox, June 5, 2019

Eighth inning vs. the Royals: Kelvin Gutierrez, Nicky Lopez and Martin Maldonado Watch >

Chris Sale, Red Sox, May 8, 2019

Seventh inning vs. the Orioles: Hanser Alberto, Dwight Smith Jr., Stevie Wilkerson Watch >

Thomas Pannone, Blue Jays, April 14, 2019

Fifth inning vs. the Rays: Avisail Garcia, Brandon Lowe, Daniel Robertson Watch >

Josh Hader, Brewers, March 30, 2019

Ninth inning vs. the Cardinals: Tyler O'Neill, Dexter Fowler, Yairo Munoz Watch >

Zac Rosscup, Dodgers, Aug. 19, 2018

Ninth inning vs. the Mariners: Kyle Seager, Ryon Healy, Cameron Maybin Watch >

German Marquez, Rockies, Aug. 8, 2018

Fourth inning vs. the Pirates: Corey Dickerson, Starling Marte, Gregory Polanco Watch >

Max Scherzer, Nationals, June 5, 2018

Sixth inning vs. the Rays: Johnny Field, Christian Arroyo, Daniel Robertson Watch >

Kevin Gausman, Orioles, April 23, 2018

Seventh inning vs. the Indians: Yonder Alonso, Yan Gomes and Bradley Zimmer Watch >

Rick Porcello, Red Sox, Aug. 9, 2017

Fifth inning vs. the Rays: Trevor Plouffe, Wilson Ramos and Mallex Smith Watch >

• Jose Alvarado, Rays, Aug. 4, 2017

Ninth inning vs. the Brewers: Travis Shaw, Jesus Aguilar and Hernan Perez Watch >

• Dellin Betances, Yankees, Aug. 2, 2017

Eighth inning vs. the Tigers: Jim Adduci, Justin Upton and Miguel Cabrera Watch >

• Carlos Carrasco, Indians, July 7, 2017

Fifth inning vs. the Tigers: Nicholas Castellanos, Mikie Mahtook and Jose Iglesias Watch >

• Kenley Jansen, Dodgers, May 18, 2017

Ninth inning vs. the Marlins: Derek Dietrich, J.T. Riddle and Ichiro Suzuki Watch >

• Max Scherzer, Nationals, May 14, 2017

Fifth inning vs. the Phillies: Cesar Hernandez, Odubel Herrera and Aaron Altherr Watch >

• Craig Kimbrel, Red Sox, May 11, 2017

Ninth inning vs. the Brewers: Hernan Perez, Travis Shaw and Domingo Santana Watch >

• Drew Storen, Reds, April 18, 2017

Ninth inning vs. the Orioles: Jonathan Schoop, J.J. Hardy and Hyun Soo Kim Watch >

• Juan Nicasio, Pirates, July 4, 2016

Eighth inning vs. the Cardinals: Stephen Piscotty, Jhonny Peralta and Yadier Molina Watch >

• Santiago Casilla, Giants, May 17, 2015

Ninth inning vs. the Reds: Marlon Byrd, Brandon Phillips and Jay Bruce Watch >

• Mike Fiers, Brewers, May 7, 2015

Fourth inning vs. the Dodgers: Enrique Hernandez, Carlos Frias and Joc Pederson Watch >

• Brandon McCarthy, Yankees, Sept. 17, 2014

Seventh inning vs. the Rays: Wil Myers, Nick Franklin and Matt Joyce Watch >

• Carlos Contreras, Reds, July 11, 2014

Seventh inning vs. the Pirates: Jordy Mercer, Jeff Locke and Gregory Polanco Watch >

• Rex Brothers, Rockies, June 14, 2014

Eighth inning vs. the Giants: Michael Morse, Brandon Crawford and Gregor Blanco Watch >

• Garrett Richards, Angels, June 4, 2014

Second inning vs. the Astros: Jon Singleton, Matt Dominguez and Chris Carter Watch >

• Justin Masterson, Indians, June 2, 2014

Fourth inning vs. the Red Sox: Jonny Gomes, Grady Sizemore and Stephen Drew Watch >

• Cole Hamels, Phillies, May 17, 2014

Third inning vs. the Reds: Zack Cozart, Brandon Phillips and Todd Frazier Watch >

• Brad Boxberger, Rays, May 8, 2014

Sixth inning vs. the Orioles: Steve Pearce, Jonathan Schoop and Caleb Joseph Watch >

• Steve Delabar, Blue Jays, July 30, 2013

Eighth inning vs. the Athletics: Adam Rosales, Coco Crisp and Chris Young Watch >

• Ivan Nova, Yankees, May 29, 2013

Eighth inning vs. the Mets: Ike Davis, Mike Baxter and Ruben Tejada Watch >

• Wade Miley, D-backs, Oct. 1, 2012

Third inning vs. the Rockies: Jonathan Herrera, Drew Pomeranz and Josh Rutledge Watch >

• Clay Buchholz, Red Sox, Aug. 16, 2012

Sixth inning vs. the Orioles: Adam Jones, Matt Wieters and Chris Davis Watch >

• Juan Perez, Phillies, July 8, 2011

Tenth inning vs. the Braves: Jason Heyward, Nate McLouth and Wilkin Ramirez Watch >

• Jordan Zimmermann, Nationals, May 6, 2011

Second inning vs. the Marlins: Mike Stanton, Greg Dobbs and John Buck Watch >

• Rafael Soriano, Rays, Aug. 23, 2010

Ninth inning vs. the Angels: Erick Aybar, Mike Napoli and Peter Bourjos Watch >

• Ross Ohlendorf, Pirates, Sept. 5, 2009

Seventh inning vs. the Cardinals: Khalil Greene, Julio Lugo and Jason LaRue Watch >

• A.J. Burnett, Yankees, June 20, 2009

Third inning vs. the Marlins: Josh Johnson, Chris Coghlan and Emilio Bonifacio Watch >

• Felix Hernandez, Mariners, June 17, 2008

Fourth inning vs. the Marlins: Jeremy Hermida, Jorge Cantu and Mike Jacobs Watch >

• Rich Harden, Athletics, June 8, 2008

First inning vs. the Angels: Maicer Izturis, Howie Kendrick and Garret Anderson Watch >

• Buddy Carlyle, Braves, July 6, 2007

Fourth inning vs. the Padres: Khalil Greene, Russell Branyan and Jose Cruz Jr. Watch >

• Rick Helling, Brewers, June 20, 2006

First inning vs. the Tigers: Curtis Granderson, Placido Polanco and Ivan Rodriguez Watch >

• LaTroy Hawkins, Cubs, Sept. 11, 2004

Ninth inning vs. the Marlins: Jeff Conine, Juan Encarnacion and Alex Gonzalez Watch >

• Ben Sheets, Brewers, June 13, 2004

Third inning vs. the Astros: Pete Munro, Craig Biggio and Jose Vizcaino Watch >

• Brandon Backe, Astros, April 15, 2004

Eighth inning vs. the Brewers: Bill Hall, Scott Podsednik and Craig Counsell Watch >

• Brian Lawrence, Padres, June 12, 2002

Third inning vs. the Orioles: Brook Fordyce, Jerry Hairston Jr. and Melvin Mora Watch >

• Pedro Martinez, Red Sox, May 18, 2002

First inning vs. the Mariners: Ichiro Suzuki, Mark McLemore and Ruben Sierra Watch >

• Byung-Hyun Kim, D-backs, May 11, 2002

Eighth inning vs. the Phillies: Scott Rolen, Mike Lieberthal and Pat Burrell Watch >

• Jason Isringhausen, Cardinals, April 13, 2002

Ninth inning vs. the Astros: Daryle Ward, Jose Vizcaino and Julio Lugo Watch >

• Randy Johnson, D-backs, Aug. 23, 2001

Sixth inning vs. the Pirates: Tony McKnight, Gary Matthews Jr. and Jack Wilson Watch >

• Ugueth Urbina, Expos, April 4, 2000

Ninth inning vs the Dodgers: Dodgers' F.P. Santangelo, Devon White and Mark Grudzielanek _Watch >

• B.J. Ryan, Orioles, Sept. 5, 1999

Sixth inning vs. the Indians: Manny Ramirez, Jim Thome and Richie Sexson

• Shane Reynolds, Astros, July 15, 1999

First inning vs. the Tigers: Juan Encarnacion, Brad Ausmus and Bobby Higginson

• Jesus Sanchez, Marlins, Sept. 13, 1998

Third inning vs. the Braves: Tony Graffanino, Greg Maddux and Walt Weiss Watch >

• Randy Johnson, Astros, Sept. 2, 1998

Sixth inning vs. the Braves: Javy Lopez, Andruw Jones and Greg Colbrunn

• Orel Hershiser, Giants, June 16, 1998

Fourth inning vs. the Rockies: Ellis Burks, Vinny Castilla and Todd Helton

• Mike Mussina, Orioles, May 9, 1998

Ninth inning vs. the Devil Rays: Fred McGriff, Paul Sorrento and Rich Butler

• Jimmy Key, Orioles, April 14, 1998

Second inning vs. the White Sox: Robin Ventura, Magglio Ordonez and Ray Durham

• Doug Jones, Brewers, Sept. 23, 1997

Ninth inning vs. the Royals: Johnny Damon, Scott Cooper and Rod Myers

• Roger Clemens, Blue Jays, Sept. 18, 1997

First inning vs. the Red Sox: Nomar Garciaparra, John Valentin and Mo Vaughn

• Mike Magnante, Astros, Aug. 22, 1997

Ninth inning vs. the Rockies: Ellis Burks, Harvey Pulliam and Jeff Reed

• Todd Worrell, Dodgers, Aug. 13, 1995

Ninth inning vs. the Pirates: Mark Johnson, Angelo Encarnacion and Steve Pegues

• Stan Belinda, Royals, Aug. 6, 1994

Ninth inning vs. the Mariners: Eric Anthony, Chris Howard and Luis Sojo

• Mel Rojas, Expos, May 11, 1994

Ninth inning vs. the Mets: David Segui, Todd Hundley and Jeff McKnight

• Trevor Wilson, Giants, June 7, 1992

Ninth inning vs. the Astros: Jeff Bagwell, Eric Anthony and Rafael Ramirez

• Pete Harnisch, Astros, Sept. 6, 1991

Seventh inning vs. the Phillies: Wes Chamberlain, Dickie Thon and Jose DeJesus

• David Cone, Mets, Aug. 30, 1991

Fifth inning vs. the Reds: Herm Winningham, Randy Myers and Mariano Duncan Watch >

• Andy Ashby, Phillies, June 15, 1991

Fourth inning vs. the Reds: Hal Morris, Todd Benzinger and Jeff Reed

• Jeff Montgomery, Royals, April 29, 1990

Eighth inning vs. the Rangers: Pete Incaviglia, Geno Petralli and Thad Bosley

• Rob Dibble, Reds, June 4, 1989

Eighth inning vs. the Padres: Carmelo Martinez, Mark Parent and Garry Templeton

• Jeff Robinson, Pirates, Sept. 7, 1987

Eighth inning vs. the Cubs: Leon Durham, Andre Dawson and Rafael Palmeiro

• Danny Jackson, Royals, Oct. 24, 1985

Seventh inning vs. the Cardinals: Terry Pendleton, Tom Nieto and Brian Harper Watch >

• Ron Guidry, Yankees, Aug. 7, 1984

Ninth inning vs. the White Sox: Carlton Fisk, Tom Paciorek and Greg Luzinski

• Joey McLaughlin, Braves, Sept. 11, 1979

Seventh inning vs. the Giants: Larry Herndon, Greg Johnston and Johnnie LeMaster

• Lynn McGlothen, Cubs, Aug. 25, 1979

Third inning vs. the Giants: Larry Herndon, Joe Strain and Jack Clark

• Pedro Borbon, Reds, June 23, 1979

Ninth inning vs. the Giants: Mike Sadek, Gary Lavelle and Billy North

• Bruce Sutter, Cubs, Sept. 8, 1977

Ninth inning vs. the Expos: Ellis Valentine, Gary Carter and Larry Parrish

• Nolan Ryan, Angels, July 9, 1972

Second inning vs. the Red Sox: Carlton Fisk, Bob Burda and Juan Beniquez

• Milt Pappas, Cubs, Sept. 24, 1971

Fourth inning vs. the Phillies: Greg Luzinski, Don Money and Mike Anderson

• John Strohmayer, Expos, July 10, 1971

Fifth inning vs. the Phillies: Mike Ryan, Woodie Fryman and Denny Doyle

• Bill Wilson, Phillies, July 6, 1971

Eighth inning vs. the Braves: Darrell Evans, Hal King and Earl Williams

• Bob Gibson, Cardinals, May 12, 1969

Seventh inning vs. the Dodgers: Len Gabrielson, Paul Popovich and John Miller

• Nolan Ryan, Mets, April 19, 1968

Third inning vs. the Dodgers: Claude Osteen, Wes Parker and Zoilo Versalles

• Al Downing, Yankees, Aug. 11, 1967

Second inning vs. the Indians: Tony Horton, Don Demeter and Duke Sims

• Bob Bruce, Colt .45s, April 19, 1964

Eighth inning vs. the Cardinals: Bill White, Charlie James and Ken Boyer

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, April 18, 1964

Third inning vs. the Reds: Leo Cardenas, Johnny Edwards and Jim Maloney

• Tony Cloninger, Braves, June 15, 1963

Eighth inning vs. the Phillies: Tony Gonzalez, Clay Dalrymple and Ruben Amaro

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, April 19, 1963

Fifth inning vs. the Colt .45s: Bob Aspromonte, Jim Campbell and Turk Farrell

• Sandy Koufax, Dodgers, June 30, 1962

First inning vs. the Mets: Richie Ashburn, Rod Kanehl and Felix Mantilla

• Jim Bunning, Tigers, Aug. 2, 1959

Ninth inning vs. the Red Sox: Sammy White, Jim Mahoney and Ike Delock

• Robin Roberts, Phillies, April 17, 1956

Sixth inning vs. the Dodgers: Carl Furillo, Charlie Neal and Sandy Amoros

• Billy Hoeft, Tigers, Sept. 7, 1953

Seventh inning vs. the White Sox: Jim Rivera, Mike Fornieles and Chico Carrasquel

• Lefty Grove, Athletics, Sept. 27, 1928

Seventh inning vs. the White Sox: Moe Berg, Tommy Thomas and Johnny Mostil

• Lefty Grove, Athletics, Aug. 23, 1928

Second inning vs. the Indians: Ed Morgan, Luther Harvel and Martin Autry

• Dazzy Vance, Dodgers, Sept. 14, 1924

Second inning vs. the Cubs: Sam Bohne, Bubbles Hargrave and Eppa Rixey

• Sloppy Thurston, White Sox, Aug. 22, 1923

Twelfth inning vs. the Athletics: Beauty McGowan, Chick Galloway and Sammy Hale

• Joe Oeschger, Braves, Sept. 8, 1921

Fourth inning vs. the Phillies: Bevo LeBourveau, Cy Williams and Ed Konetchy

• Pat Ragan, Dodgers, Oct. 5, 1914

Eighth inning vs. the Braves: Possum Whitted, Butch Schmidt and Red Smith

• Rube Waddell, Athletics, July 1, 1902

Third inning vs. the Orioles: Billy Gilbert, Harry Howell and John Cronin

• John Clarkson, Beaneaters, June 4, 1889

Third inning vs. the Quakers: Jim Fogarty, Sam Thompson and Sid Farrar

Urbina is often listed as having completed an immaculate inning, but video of his outing shows that he threw a ball on a 0-2 count to the first batter he faced.

Ed Eagle is an editorial producer for MLB.com.