Every ballpark, from oldest to newest
No professional sport offers a greater variety of venues than baseball. From the Green Monster in Boston to the waterfront views in San Francisco to the railway in Houston, each Major League Baseball stadium has its share of special characteristics that make it a unique backdrop for the game.
Here’s a guide to the 30 active MLB parks, listed from oldest to newest based on the date of each park’s first regular season game. (Date of the park's first homer specified if it didn't happen the same day as the first game.)
Fenway Park -- Boston Red Sox
First game: April 20, 1912
First HR: Hugh Bradley; April 26, 1912
All-time HR leader: Ted Williams, 248
The Red Sox played at the Huntington Avenue Grounds from 1901-11 before moving into Fenway Park, which opened just days after the sinking of the Titanic. The park features a 37-foot, 2-inch high left-field wall known as the Green Monster, as well as other quirks such as Pesky’s Pole in right field and The Triangle in center. Fenway Park has played host to 11 World Series, with the Red Sox winning six of them and the Boston Braves winning one. (The Braves played at Fenway Park in the 1914 World Series because it had a larger capacity than their regular home park, the South End Grounds.)
Wrigley Field -- Chicago Cubs
First game: April 23, 1914
First HR: Art Wilson
All-time HR leader: Sammy Sosa, 293
Known for its ivy-covered brick outfield walls and often referred to as “The Friendly Confines,” Wrigley Field initially opened in 1914 as Weeghman Park, the home of the Chicago Whales/Federals of the short-lived Federal League. The Cubs moved into the park in the 1916 season, and it took on its current name in 1927, six years after William Wrigley Jr. became the team's majority owner. In 1988, Wrigley Field became the last Major League park to have lights installed for night games. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2020.
Dodger Stadium -- Los Angeles Dodgers
First game: April 10, 1962
First HR: Wally Post
All-time HR leader: Eric Karros, 130
After moving from Brooklyn to Los Angeles in 1958, the Dodgers played four seasons at the Los Angeles Coliseum while waiting for their new park to be built. In their first season at Dodger Stadium, the team set an MLB attendance record of 2,755,184 fans, topping the previous record of 2,620,627 set by Cleveland in 1948. The Dodgers improved upon their mark in 1977, 1978 and 1982 and held the record until the Blue Jays broke it in 1990.
Angel Stadium -- Los Angeles Angels
First game: April 19, 1966
First HR: Rick Reichardt
All-time HR leader: Tim Salmon, 160
Located in Anaheim, The Big A has been the Angels’ home since the franchise’s sixth season in 1966. The Halos played their home games at Los Angeles’ Wrigley Field in their 1961 inaugural season, then rented Dodger Stadium from 1962-65. Originally a baseball-only venue, Angel Stadium was later remodeled to accommodate the NFL’s Los Angeles Rams, who moved into the park in 1980. The newly configured stadium was fully enclosed. The Rams moved to St. Louis after the 1994 football season, and after the Walt Disney Company took control of the Angels several years later, Angel Stadium was renovated again. The section behind the outfield wall was demolished, giving fans a restored view of the local mountain ranges and the 57 freeway, and a distinctive rock fountain was added in left-center field.
Oakland Coliseum -- Oakland Athletics
First game: April 17, 1968
First HR: Boog Powell
All-time HR leader: Mark McGwire, 166
In 1968, the Athletics relocated from Kansas City to Oakland and began playing at the Coliseum, then the home of the NFL’s Raiders, who shared the stadium with the A’s until leaving for Los Angeles in 1982. In order to bring them back, the city of Oakland made a deal with the Raiders in 1995, agreeing to increase the capacity of the Coliseum via a new section. Known colloquially as Mount Davis after late Raiders owner Al Davis, the section obstructs the view of the Oakland Hills, which were previously visible behind the outfield grandstands during A’s games. The Raiders have since moved on to Las Vegas, but the A’s remain at the Coliseum, which has more foul territory than any other MLB stadium due to its origins as a multi-purpose facility.
Kauffman Stadium -- Kansas City Royals
First game: April 10, 1973
First HR: John Mayberry
All-time HR leader: George Brett, 136
Although it was constructed during an era when multi-purpose “cookie-cutter” stadiums were en vogue, Kauffman Stadium (originally Royals Stadium) is a baseball-only venue. The park’s “Crown Vision” video board, which was added during the extensive renovations the park underwent from 2007-09, is one of the largest of its kind in Major League Baseball.
Rogers Centre -- Toronto Blue Jays
First game: June 5, 1989
First HR: Fred McGriff
All-time HR leader: Carlos Delgado, 175
Rogers Centre (originally known as SkyDome) opened in 1989, becoming the world's first stadium with a fully retractable roof. A prominent part of the Toronto skyline, the ballpark includes a hotel with 70 rooms overlooking the field and provides a clear view of the iconic CN Tower when the roof is open. The Blue Jays set a Major League Baseball attendance record when they drew 3,885,284 fans in 1990, and they became the first MLB team to draw 4 million spectators the following season.
Guaranteed Rate Field -- Chicago White Sox
First game: April 18, 1991
First HR: Cecil Fielder
All-time HR leader: Frank Thomas, 263
Succeeding the original Comiskey Park, home of the White Sox from 1910-90, Guaranteed Rate Field (known as Comiskey Park from 1991-2003 and U.S. Cellular Field from 2003-2016) was the last MLB park built before the “retro-classic” design wave took over. In response to fan criticism, the park underwent significant renovations beginning in 2001.
Oriole Park at Camden Yards -- Baltimore Orioles
First game: April 6, 1992
First HR: Paul Sorrento; April 8, 1992
All-time HR leader: Adam Jones, 146
Credited with starting the trend of retro-classic ballparks that became popular around the Majors in the 1990s and early 2000s, Oriole Park at Camden Yards is located within walking distance of Baltimore’s Inner Harbor. The former B&O Warehouse was incorporated into the architecture of the stadium, adding to Oriole Park’s unique charm. An eight-story brick building constructed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the warehouse looms over the right-field wall. No player has hit the building on the fly with a home run during a game, though Ken Griffey Jr. famously did so in the 1993 Home Run Derby.
Progressive Field -- Cleveland Guardians
First game: April 4, 1994
First HR: Eric Anthony
All-time HR leader: Jim Thome, 190
The Cleveland baseball franchise moved from Cleveland Stadium to Progressive Field (originally Jacobs Field) after the 1993 season. The team set a then-MLB record (since broken by the Red Sox) when it sold out 455 straight home games from 1995-2001, and No. 455 was subsequently retired in honor of the streak. Progressive Field features distinctive toothbrush-shaped light towers, a 19-foot high wall in left field and the largest video board in MLB -- a 59-foot high, 221-foot wide display that looms over the left-field bleachers.
Coors Field -- Colorado Rockies
First game: April 26, 1995
First HR: Rico Brogna
All-time HR leader: Todd Helton, 227
The Rockies played their first two seasons at Mile High Stadium, setting an all-time MLB attendance record with 4,483,350 fans in their inaugural campaign, before moving to Coors Field. The Rockies opened their new digs in style, winning their first game at the stadium on Dante Bichette's walk-off homer in the bottom of the 14th inning. Due to Colorado’s high elevation and dry air, Coors Field has earned the reputation as a hitter's paradise, to the point where baseballs used in games at the stadium are now stored in an on-site humidor.
Tropicana Field -- Tampa Bay Rays
First game: March 31, 1998
First HR: Luis Gonzalez
All-time HR leader: Evan Longoria, 129
Tropicana Field opened in 1990 as the Florida Suncoast Dome, but it didn’t host Major League Baseball action until the expansion Rays (then known as the Devil Rays) joined the AL in 1998. The Trop, as it's commonly called, is MLB’s only venue with a non-retractable dome, and the park has special ground rules for batted balls that strike any of the four catwalks that hang from the ceiling. The stadium also includes a 10,000-gallon tank behind the right-center field fence that houses cownose stingrays, part of a touch exhibit for fans.
Chase Field -- Arizona Diamondbacks
First game: March 31, 1998
First HR: Vinny Castilla
All-time HR leader: Paul Goldschmidt, 101
When the D-backs debuted as an expansion team in 1998, they did so at a brand new retractable roof ballpark -- the first of its kind in the United States -- in downtown Phoenix. Chase Field (originally Bank One Ballpark) includes a swimming pool in right-center field that provides a unique viewing experience for fans. The park played host to the 2001 World Series in its fourth season of existence, with the D-backs walking it off on Luis Gonzalez’s bloop single in Game 7 against the Yankees.
T-Mobile Park -- Seattle Mariners
First game: July 15, 1999
First HR: Russ Davis; July 17, 1999
All-time HR leader: Kyle Seager, 94
Relocation was on the table before the Mariners revitalized baseball interest in Seattle with their 1995 run to the postseason and thrilling win over the Yankees in the ALDS. The M’s secured the necessary funding for a new retractable roof stadium on Oct. 23, 1995, and less than four years later they left the Kingdome -- the team’s home since its 1977 inaugural season -- for their current residence, now known as T-Mobile Park.
Minute Maid Park -- Houston Astros
First game: April 7, 2000
First HR: Scott Rolen
All-time HR leader: Lance Berkman, 157
After 35 seasons at the Astrodome, the world’s first multi-purpose domed sports stadium, the Astros got a new retractable roof park in 2000, with the building that was once Union Station serving as its main entrance. As a homage to the history of the location, the park features an upscaled replica of a 19th century locomotive, which moves along an 800-foot track atop the exterior wall beyond left field. The stadium also initially included a unique on-field quirk -- a 90-foot wide incline in straightaway center field named Tal’s Hill, after former Astros president Tal Smith. After the 2016 season, Tal’s Hill and the flagpole that stood on it were removed and the center-field distance was shortened from 436 feet to 409.
Comerica Park -- Detroit Tigers
First game: April 11, 2000
First HR: Juan Gonzalez; April 14, 2000
All-time HR leader: Miguel Cabrera, 184
After calling Tiger Stadium home from 1912-99, the Tigers moved into a new park in downtown Detroit. Notable characteristics include a massive scoreboard in left field, fountains behind the batter’s eye, a 50-foot ferris wheel and the park's 420-foot distance to straightaway center field. Initially, the flagpole in left-center field was in play as a homage to Tiger Stadium, but the fences were brought in prior to the 2003 season, shortening the left-center power alley from 395 feet to 370.
Oracle Park -- San Francisco Giants
First game: April 11, 2000
First HR: Kevin Elster
All-time HR leader: Barry Bonds, 160
Situated along San Francisco Bay, Oracle Park offers views unlike any other in Major League Baseball. The waterfront venue has been the Giants’ home since 2000, replacing Candlestick Park. During games, it’s common to see fans in kayaks or boats take to McCovey Cove -- the unofficial name of the area just beyond the right-field wall, in honor of Giants legend Willie McCovey -- with fishing nets to try to snag home run balls. Homers hit into McCovey Cove by Giants players are tallied as “Splash Hits” on an electronic counter on the right-field wall.
American Family Field -- Milwaukee Brewers
First game: April 6, 2001
First HR: Michael Tucker
All-time HR leader: Ryan Braun, 173
When the expansion Seattle Pilots relocated to Milwaukee after one season and became the Brewers, the club moved into the former home of the Braves, Milwaukee County Stadium, where they remained until American Family Field (originally Miller Park) opened in 2001. The stadium is characterized by its red brick exterior, large glass-paned windows and unique fan-shaped roof that can open or close in 10 minutes, and it features a giant slide in left field that mascot Bernie Brewer rides after every home run and victory by the home team.
PNC Park -- Pittsburgh Pirates
First game: April 9, 2001
First HR: Sean Casey
All-time HR leader: Andrew McCutchen, 92
PNC Park opened in 2001, replacing Three Rivers Stadium as the home of the Pirates. Located along the Allegheny River, the park is known for its dazzling views of downtown Pittsburgh and the Roberto Clemente Bridge.
Great American Ball Park -- Cincinnati Reds
First game: March 31, 2003
First HR: Reggie Sanders
All-time HR leader: Joey Votto, 182
Constructed on the banks of the Ohio River, Great American Ball Park has been the Reds’ home since 2003, replacing Cinergy Field, originally known as Riverfront Stadium. The “Power Stacks” in right-center field, which emit flames and launch fireworks, are reminiscent of the steamboats that commonly traversed the Ohio River in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Petco Park -- San Diego Padres
First game: April 8, 2004
First HR: Marquis Grissom
All-time HR leader: Adrian Gonzalez, 65
The Padres left Qualcomm Stadium for the newly constructed Petco Park after the 2003 season. The stadium’s signature element is the Western Metal Supply Co. building, a four-story brick structure that was built in 1909 and declared a historic landmark by the city in 1978 before being incorporated into Petco Park’s design.
Citizens Bank Park -- Philadelphia Phillies
First game: April 12, 2004
First HR: Bobby Abreu
All-time HR leader: Ryan Howard, 198
The Phillies bid farewell to Veterans Stadium at the end of the 2003 season and moved into their new park in South Philadelphia the following year. Unlike The Vet, Citizens Bank Park has a natural grass field and is a baseball-only venue. The stadium features a 52-foot tall, 35-foot wide mechanical replica of the Liberty Bell that lights up and "rings" after every Phillies home run and home win.
Busch Stadium -- St. Louis Cardinals
First game: April 10, 2006
First HR: Bill Hall
All-time HR leader: Albert Pujols, 112
The Cardinals moved into their current residence, the third St. Louis park to carry the Busch Stadium name, after 40 seasons at their old venue. Unlike its predecessor, which was enclosed on all sides, new Busch Stadium has a more open design concept and features a clear view of the St. Louis skyline, including the Gateway Arch. The Cards won the World Series in the park's inaugural season, clinching the title at home in Game 5.
Nationals Park -- Washington Nationals
First game: March 30, 2008
First HR: Chipper Jones
All-time HR leader: Ryan Zimmerman, 116
After the Montreal Expos moved to Washington, D.C., and became the Nationals, the club played its first three seasons at RFK Stadium, the former home of the Washington Senators. The Nats moved into their new stadium, situated about a mile south of the U.S. Capitol, in 2008 and won their first game at the park on a walk-off homer by Ryan Zimmerman.
Citi Field -- New York Mets
First game: April 13, 2009
First HR: Jody Gerut
All-time HR leader: Lucas Duda, 71
One of two new MLB parks to open in New York in 2009, Citi Field replaced Shea Stadium as the Mets’ home park in Queens. The stadium’s appearance, with its red brick exterior and arched windows, is reminiscent of Ebbets Field, the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers before they moved to the West Coast. Citi Field also pays homage to the Mets’ former residence with the Shea Bridge, a pedestrian bridge in right-center field, and the Home Run Apple, a motorized apple sculpture in the batter’s eye that rises whenever the Mets hit a homer.
Yankee Stadium -- New York Yankees
First game: April 16, 2009
First HR: Jorge Posada
All-time HR leader: Mark Teixeira, 113
The Yankees said goodbye to their longtime Bronx home after the 2008 season, moving to a new venue with the same name across the street. Many of the aesthetic features of the park, such as the limestone exterior and the iconic white frieze that lines the roof, evoke the original look of its predecessor. The new stadium also has the same field dimensions, including the 314-foot “short porch” in right field. Like they did in 1923, the Yankees christened their new home with a World Series championship in the park’s inaugural season.
Target Field -- Minnesota Twins
First game: April 12, 2010
First HR: Jason Kubel
All-time HR leader: Brian Dozier, 80
The Twins played home games at Metropolitan Stadium (now the site of the Mall of America) from 1961-81 and the Metrodome from 1982-2009 before moving to Target Field, an open-air stadium characterized by its earth-toned limestone facade and view of downtown Minneapolis.
loanDepot park -- Miami Marlins
First game: April 4, 2012
First HR: J.D. Martinez; April 13, 2012
All-time HR leader: Giancarlo Stanton, 112
For their first 19 seasons, the Marlins shared a stadium with the NFL's Miami Dolphins. But the team ushered in a new era in 2012, changing its name from Florida to Miami, introducing a new color scheme and uniform set and moving into a sleek new retractable-roof ballpark.
Truist Park -- Atlanta Braves
First game: April 14, 2017
First HR: Ender Inciarte
All-time HR leader: Freddie Freeman, 70
After 20 seasons at Turner Field, which was converted into a baseball park following the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, the Braves moved to Truist Park (originally known as SunTrust Park) in 2017. The park hosted Games 3-5 of the 2021 World Series, which saw the Braves defeat the Astros in six games to win their first championship since 1995.
Globe Life Field -- Texas Rangers
First game: July 24, 2020
First HR: Joey Gallo; July 26, 2020
All-time HR leader: Gallo, 20
Globe Life Field’s grand opening was delayed several months by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Rangers played the entire 2020 season without fans, although the park did host that year’s neutral-site NLCS and World Series with a limited number of spectators. The retractable-roof venue replaced Globe Life Park, an open-air stadium that opened in 1994.